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A man acquired the right of speaking in the Roman senate (ius sententiae dicendae; see senate) by holding a magistracy, the quaestorship; he became a full member when his name was placed on the senatorial roll (album) (‘a censoribus…allectum’, Val. Max. 2. 2. 1). Caesar, dictator or praefectus morum (overseer of public morals), and the triumvirs adlected men directly into the senate, presumably as quaestorii. (Adlection into the patriciate began with Caesar (Suet. Iul. 41. 2).) This unpopular proceeding was avoided by emperors until Claudius, censor in ce 47–8, admitted men inter quaestorios and tribunicios (ILS968); Vespasian anticipated his censorship (Tac. Hist. 2. 82), but in 73–4 did the same (ILS 1024 = MW 321, inter praetorios). After Domitian (life censor) men were routinely adlected. Adlection inter consulares first appears in ce 182, was practised by Macrinus, and disliked (Cass. Dio 79. 13. 1); with Diocletian it became common.

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