The prostitution of women (broadly defined here as the exchange of a female's sexual service, with or without her consent, for some other resource) may have arisen in Greece/Hellas out of contact with earlier Near Eastern manifestations both “sacred” and secular. The Greek terms porneion (“brothel”) and pornē (“whore”) are related to pernēmi (“to sell”), as is the Latin term meretrix (“courtesan”). The exchange of sexual service for the economic benefits conferred by marriage is remarked upon by Hesiod (
Works and Days
373–375). In both Hellas and Rome, prostitution was considered to be as necessary an institution as the institutions of marriage, concubinage (see
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