Antipater (1), Macedonian statesman, 397?–319 BCE
Trusted lieutenant of Philip (1) II, he represented the king at Athens in 346 and 338, and governed Macedon during the Danubian campaign of Alexander (3) the Great (335). From 334 he acted as viceroy in Europe and in 331/0 dealt competently with a revolt in Thrace and the subsequent war in the Peloponnese which Agis III of Sparta instigated. Later his relations with Alexander were soured, and in 324Craterus (1) was sent to replace him in Macedon. Alexander's death (323) resolved the tension but unleashed the Lamian War in which a formidable Hellenic coalition, headed by the Athenians and Aetolians, came close to victory. The advent of Craterus and his veterans redressed the balance, and the critical victory at Crannon (August 322) allowed Antipater to impose the settlement which brought oligarchy and a Macedonian garrison to Athens. At the news of Perdiccas (3)'s dynastic intrigues he declared war and invaded Asia Minor with Craterus (321). After Perdiccas' death he presided over the conference at Triparadeisus where—in turbulent circumstances—he assumed the regency and returned to Europe early in 319 with the kings in his custody. His death shortly afterwards left a legacy of civil war, thanks to his preference of Polyperchon over his own son, Cassander.
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