Amphiaraus, seer descended from *Melampus (1), resident at *Argos (1), whence he participated in the expedition of the *Seven against Thebes. In one tradition, he died with all the other champions save *Adrastus (1) (Od. 15. 243–55). Since he knew that the expedition was doomed, Amphiaraus was unwilling to go, but—as pre-arranged with Adrastus—he was obliged to obey the judgement of his wife Eriphyle (sister of Adrastus), who had been bribed by Polynices with the necklace of Harmonia.
In a second version, which became more popular and perhaps originated with the epic Thebaid (see the plot summary proposed by West, 6–9), that Amphiaraus was not killed at Thebes, but, while fleeing from the city, was swallowed up live, chariot and all, in a cleft made by *Zeus' thunderbolt (the earliest surviving literary references are in Pindar, Ol.Less
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