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date: 24 September 2018

ius Latii

Ius Latii, the Latin right, refers primarily to the legal status of those Latins (see latini) who after 338 bce shared the right of marriage (conubium) and commerce (commercium) with Romans. Latins settling in Rome acquired Roman citizenship and vice versa. Those, whether from Rome or Latium, who settled in Latin colonies acquired coloniary Latin status, which, at least by the empire, differed from the wider Latin right in not permitting intermarriage. An entirely separate status of Junian Latinity (see latini iuniani) was created for certain categories of freed slave by a Junian law under Augustus. Latin rights were conferred on many communities in Italy, Gaul, Spain, and Africa in the late republican period. It is clear that such communities were known as Latin municipia (towns) into the imperial period but the practical consequences of Latin status remain obscure. Those who served as magistrates of Latin municipia acquired Roman citizenship from about 150 bce onwards. Under Hadrian, if not before, in colonies possessing greater Latinity (Latium maius) decurions (decuriones) as well as magistrates received Roman citizenship.

Bibliography

Asconius, In Pisonem 3, ed. A. C. Clark.Find this resource:

Gaius, Institutiones 1. 22 ff., 96.Find this resource:

H. Galsterer, Herrschaft und Verwaltung im republikanischen Italien (1976).Find this resource:

Millar, The Emperor in the Roman World app. 4.Find this resource:

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