Amathus, a major coastal city of Cyprus, on a hill near mod. Ayios Tychonas, 10 km. (6 mi.) east of Limassol, surrounded by extensive and much excavated cemeteries, and immediately adjacent to its built harbour. Its foundation on a virgin site in the 11th cent. bce without nearby bronze age predecessors accords oddly with its alleged autochthonous identity. As late as the 4th cent. bce it used the Cypro-Minoan syllabary to write an unknown language (Eteo-Cyprian: see pre-alphabetic scripts (greece)). But it stood apart from the other cities in 498, refusing to join the Ionian Revolt; Onesilus of Salamis (2) therefore besieged it. A series of coins has been attributed to its 5th- and 4th-cent. kings, the last of whom, Androcles, fought with his ships for Alexander (3) the Great at Tyre. Recent excavation has located its famous Aphrodite sanctuary.
P. Aupert and others, Amathonte 1: Testimonia 1 (1984).Find this resource:
A. Hermary, Kinyras: L'Archéologie française à Chypre (1993), 167 ff.Find this resource:
O. Masson, Les Inscriptions chypriotes syllabiques, rev. edn. (1983), 201 ff.Find this resource:
M. Iakovou, Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (2002), 101–126.Find this resource:
M. H. Hansen and T. H. Nielsen, An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis (2004), no. 1012.Find this resource: