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Herod (2) Antipas

Herod (2) Antipas, following the will left by his father Herod(1), was appointed by Augustus tetrarch of Galilee (where he rebuilt the city of Sepphoris and founded Tiberias) and of Peraea, a non-adjacent territory across the Jordan. Both John the Baptist and Jesus were active in Antipas' territory. John was imprisoned as a troublemaker in the fortress of Machaerus and then executed (perhaps at the instigation of Salome). The Gospel of Luke has Pontius Pilatus trying unsuccessfully to transfer to Antipas, in Jerusalem, the responsibility for trying Jesus. Probably in 35/6 ce, Antipas was involved in bringing together L. Vitellius, governor of Syria, and Artabanus II of Parthia. Antipas had divorced his wife, a daughter of Aretas IV of Nabataea, in favour of his niece Herodias (mother of Salome); in 36/7, Aretas took revenge by successfully invading Peraea. In 39 Antipas asked Gaius(1) for the title of king, but he was instead deposed and exiled, on evidence offered by his nephew and brother-in-law, Agrippa I, who inherited his tetrarchy.

Bibliography

Josephus, Antiquitates Judaicae 18. 27, 36–38, 101–105, 109–125, 147–150, 240–255.Find this resource:

    Josephus, Bellum Judaicum 2. 94–95, 167–168, 181–183.Find this resource:

      A. H. M. Jones, The Herods of Judaea (rev. impression, 1967).Find this resource:

        H. W. Hoehner, Herod Antipas (1972).Find this resource:

          E. Schürer, History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (1973), 1. 340–53.Find this resource:

            J. M. Hoerning, Herod Antipas in Galilee (2006).Find this resource:

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