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Agatharchides, of Cnidus, Greek historian, geographer, and Peripatetic philosopher, c. 215–after 145 BCE

Who lived most of his adult life in Alexandria (1), eventually leaving, perhaps in flight to Athens after 145. He was not, as previously believed, regent to Ptolemy (1) IX but was in the service of Heraclides (3) Lembus. His major works, for which there are fragmentary remains, include: Asian Affairs (Τὰ κατὰ τὴν Ἀσίαν‎), probably a universal history that extended to the Diadochi; European Affairs (Τὰ κατὰ τὴν Εὐρώπην‎), perhaps to his own time; and On the Red Sea (Περὶ τῆς Ἐρυθρᾶς θαλάσσης‎) in five books (some preserved by Diodorus, bk. 3, and Photius). These large-scale histories, interlaced with anthropology and geography, provided a model for Posidonius (2). He attacked the Asianic prose style, and Photius calls him a worthy disciple of Thucydides (2) in expression. He may have voiced hostility toward the Ptolemies, from whom he may have fled.


F. Jacoby, Fragmente der griechischen Historiker (1923– ), 86.Find this resource:

    Geographici Graeci Minores 1. liv–lxxiii, 111–195.Find this resource:

      P. M. Fraser, Ptolemaic Alexandria 1. 515 f., 539–550.Find this resource:

        S. M. Burstein, Agatharchides of Cnidus: On the Erythraean Sea, trans. and comm. (1989).Find this resource:

          W. Ameling in T. C. Brennan and H. I. Flower (eds.), East and West: Papers…Bowersock (2008), 13 ff.Find this resource:

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