Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM the OXFORD CLASSICAL DICTIONARY (classics.oxfordre.com). (c) Oxford University Press USA, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited. Please see applicable Privacy Policy and Legal Notice (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 23 January 2018

caryatides

A Greek term for column-shafts carved in the form of draped women; male equivalents were called Atlantides (see atlas). Apparently named after Caryae in Laconia, where virgins danced to Artemis Caryatis (Pratin. Lyr. 4; Paus. 3. 10. 7). Of near-eastern derivation (e.g. Tell Halaf), they appear in Greece around 550 bce, and are popular on late Archaic treasuries at Delphi; the most famous are those of the Athenian Erechtheum. The Erechtheum accounts, however, simply call them korai; in this case, perhaps, they were civic versions of the private korē dedications of the past. Copies of the Erechtheum caryatids embellished the forum Augustum, the Pantheon, and Hadrian's villa at Tibur. Vitruvius (1. 1. 5) calls them ‘images of eternal servitude’, and connects them with Caryae's punishment for Medism in the Persian Wars, but since the type is unquestionably earlier and Caryae was destroyed much later (370; 222 bce), this must be an aition (explanation) invented after the fact (see K. Milnor, Gender, Domesticity, and the Age of Augustus. (2005), 110–15).

Bibliography

A. F. Stewart, Greek Sculpture (1990), figs. 124, 188–189, 431–432.Find this resource:

D. E. E. Kleiner, Roman Sculpture (1992) figs. 83, 214–215.Find this resource:

G. Campbell (ed.), The Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture (2007), q.v.Find this resource:

Do you have feedback?