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Academy  

D. Sedley

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Academy, public *gymnasium at Athens, sacred to the hero Academus, north-west of the Dipylon gate. It gave its name to the school founded there by *Plato (1) in the early 4th cent. and maintained by ... More

Aenesidemus, of Cnossus, Sceptic philosopher  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aenesidemus of Cnossus, sceptical philosopher, revived Pyrrhonism (see pyrrhon) in the 1st cent. bce, probably as a reaction to the decline of scepticism in the Academy under *Philon (3) ... More

Aeschines (2) Socraticus  

Michael Gagarin

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
(4th cent. bce), of the *deme of Sphettus in Attica, a devoted follower of *Socrates, was present at his trial and death. He wrote speeches for the lawcourts and taught oratory, but fell ... More

aesthetics  

S. Halliwell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Since its coinage in the mid-18th cent., ‘aesthetics’ has come gradually to embrace philosophies of both art and beauty (whether natural or created). Antiquity lacked any explicit tradition of ... More

Aëtius (1)  

Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aëtius (1), probably late 1st cent. ce, author of a comprehensive survey of the contrasting views of Greek philosophers on questions in natural philosophy. Hermann Diels convincingly argued that this ... More

Agatharchides, of Cnidus, Greek historian, geographer, and Peripatetic philosopher, c. 215–after 145 BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Who lived most of his adult life in *Alexandria (1), eventually leaving, perhaps in flight to Athens after 145. He was not, as previously believed, regent to *Ptolemy (1) IX but was in the ... More

Agrippa, Pyrrhonist Sceptic philosopher  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Dates unknown, but later than *Aenesidemus. Diogenes Laertius (9. 88) ascribes to him a set of five modes (τρόποι) of argument introduced to supplement or replace the older Modes of ... More

Albinus (1), Platonist philosopher  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Albinus (1) Platonist philosopher, pupil of *Gaius (2). Taught at Smyrna, where Galen heard him lecture in ce 151–2. The only extant writing which is certainly his is a brief preface to Plato's ... More

Alcinous (2)  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcinous (2), accredited in the MSS as author of the Didaskalikos, or ‘Handbook of Platonism’, a summary of *Plato (1)'s doctrines designed as a handbook for the general public. He was long ... More

Alcmaeon (2), of Croton, Greek philosopher, 5th cent. BCE  

Gwilym Ellis Lane Owen and Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Wrote a philosophical book dedicated to a group of Pythagoreans (see pythagoras (1)), and known to *Aristotle and *Theophrastus. It mostly concerned the nature of man. Alcmaeon explained ... More

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