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Abydos  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Was the best harbour on the Asiatic side of the *Hellespont. In the Iliad (2. 836) an ally of Troy and then a Thracian settlement, it was colonized c.700 bce by Milesians (see ... More

Achaemenid art  

Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
The official sculpture of the Persian empire was made in a distinctive style which owed much to Mesopotamian forerunners, and like them tended to the glorification of the ruler. It used to be thought ... More

Achaemenids  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
The term, as used by Herodotus (1. 125), refers to one of the three clans (phrētrē) of the Pasargadae tribe to which the Persian kings belonged; its eponymous ancestor was supposedly Achaemenes (Hdt. ... More

Achaeus (3), d. 213 BCE  

Guy Thompson Griffith and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Achaeus (3) (d. 213 BCE), viceroy for *Antiochus (3) III of Seleucid Asia Minor and his kinsman (maternal uncle), probably the grandson of the Seleucid official Achaeus the Elder. In 223/2 ... More

Ada  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Ada, *satrap (see mausolus) of the Persian province of *Caria, youngest child of *Hecatomnus, sister of *Mausolus and of *Idrieus, to whom she was incestuously married and with whom she ... More

Adiabene  

Margaret Stephana Drower, Eric William Gray, and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Adiabene (mod. Halab), district of the two Zab rivers in north *Mesopotamia. Possibly a Seleucid hyparchy, it became a vassal kingdom, later a satrapy, of *Parthia, and was constantly involved in ... More

Adulis  

Robert G. Morkot

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Adulis or Adule, on the west coast of the Red Sea (at Zulla in Annesley Bay near Massawa), was used by Ptolemy II and III for elephant-hunts (see elephants), and became an important ... More

Aezani  

Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Was the most important city of northern *Phrygia in Roman times. The well-preserved ruins of the site are dominated by the peripteral (colonnaded) Ionic temple of *Zeus, dedicated under Domitian in ... More

Africa (Libya), exploration  

Joyce Reynolds

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Africa was distinguished from Asia as the third continent by c.500 bce, with the Nile, later usually the Red Sea, as divider; but its interior and, even at the most extended period of knowledge, its ... More

Ahhiyawa  

J. David Hawkins

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Country attested in the *Hattuša archives (alternative and older spelling, Ahhiya) as a foreign land, often associated with Arzawa, i.e. western Anatolia. References mention kings, persons, ships, ... More

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