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lex Valeria de provocatione  

Saskia Roselaar

Online publication date:
May 2017
Subject:
Roman Law
Provocatio was a method for appealing the decision of a Roman magistrate. Provocatio could occur after a normal trial had been conducted in front of a magistrate with imperium. After the final judgement, the defendant could call out “provoco.” The act of provocatio called upon the protection of the tribuni plebis, who transferred the power to adjudicate to the Roman people (iudicium populi). The people could then confirm or reject the magistrate’s sentence. Not all judgements were subject to provocatio; it only applied to the power of coercitio of higher magistrates (consuls and praetors). Sentences meted by the quaestors were excluded. The judgements of the pontifex maximus were also excluded, although the fines he imposed could be appealed. In fact, provocatio is mentioned in the sources only for political crimes, such as perduellio. The idea that the iudicium populi was part of every trial, first suggested by Mommsen and still sometimes repeated, is therefore incorrect.

lex Claudia, 218 BCE  

James R. Townshend

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Roman Law

leges Liciniae Sextiae  

Lorenzo Gagliardi

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Subject:
Roman Law

lex Villia Annalis, 180 BCE  

James R. Townshend

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Subject:
Roman Law

Laws of the Kings ,  

Carlos Amunátegui Perelló

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Subject:
Roman Law

quasi delict ,  

Maria Floriana Cursi

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Subject:
Roman Law

actio ,  

Thomas Rüfner

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Subject:
Roman Law

tribuni plebis ,  

Peter Sidney Derow

Online publication date:
Aug 2016

law, Roman, institutional scheme of ,  

Jakob Fortunat Stagl

Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The institutional scheme of Roman law was developed primarily by Gaius on the basis of a preceding tradition of law manuals. The scheme consists of dividing the law into a General Part, ... More

institores ,  

Jean-Jacques Aubert

Online publication date:
May 2016

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