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Umbrian language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
Umbrian was the language of Sabellic populations in central Italy, including Umbria (see Umbrians) and neighbouring areas to the south that were occupied by the Volsci, Marsi, and Sabini. The bulk of ... More

Sicel (or Siculian) language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
Sicel was the language of the Siculi, spoken in eastern Sicily and preserved in a few inscriptions in the Greek alphabet (see alphabet, Greek) and in a handful of glosses noted by ancient ... More

North Picene language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
North Picene was an ancient language of eastern coastal Italy. It is preserved on an Etruscan-style stele from Pesaro and perhaps three other inscriptions (if they are genuine), dating from the ... More

Faliscan language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
Faliscan was the language spoken in the ager Faliscus north of Rome. It is preserved in some 450 mostly very short inscriptions dating from the 6th into the 2nd centurybce primarily from Civita ... More

Gothic language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
The East Germanic language of the Goths, attested primarily in the lengthy fragments of a translation of the Greek Bible by the 4th-century Arian bishop Wulfila or Ulfilas (literally, “little wolf”). ... More

British Latin  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
The Latin spoken in the British Isles during and shortly after the Roman occupation (43–410ce). It left numerous traces in loanwords into British Celtic (spoken by the indigenous Celtic ... More

epigraphy, Etruscan  

Jean Turfa

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The study of the inscriptions written in the Etruscan language and alphabet, usually texts incised on stone, pottery, or metal objects, or occasionally on more fragile media such as ink-on-cloth. ... More

Venetic language  

Michel Lejeune

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The *Veneti(2) learnt to write from the *Etruscans during the 6th cent. bce and some 250 to 300 inscriptions survive, mostly votive or funerary, nearly all quite short (only one has more than ten ... More

tabulae Iguvinae  

Joshua Whatmough, Robert Maxwell Ogilvie, and John Penney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
At Gubbio (*Iguvium; see umbrians), there were discovered in 1444 seven bronze tablets of varying sizes (the largest measure 86 by 56.5 cm. (33 by 22 inches), the smallest 40 by 28 cm. (16 by 12 ... More

Spain, pre-Roman scripts and languages  

Jürgen Untermann

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
There are two scripts, narrowly delimited in time and place, that were taken over directly from outside the peninsula: a variant of the Libyan alphabet appears on coins in southern Andalucia; an ... More

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