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Gothic language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
The East Germanic language of the Goths, attested primarily in the lengthy fragments of a translation of the Greek Bible by the 4th-century Arian bishop Wulfila or Ulfilas (literally, “little wolf”). ... More

British Latin  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
The Latin spoken in the British Isles during and shortly after the Roman occupation (43–410ce). It left numerous traces in loanwords into British Celtic (spoken by the indigenous Celtic ... More

epigraphy, Etruscan  

Jean Turfa

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The study of the inscriptions written in the Etruscan language and alphabet, usually texts incised on stone, pottery, or metal objects, or occasionally on more fragile media such as ink-on-cloth. ... More

Venetic language  

Michel Lejeune

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The *Veneti(2) learnt to write from the *Etruscans during the 6th cent. bce and some 250 to 300 inscriptions survive, mostly votive or funerary, nearly all quite short (only one has more than ten ... More

tabulae Iguvinae  

Joshua Whatmough, Robert Maxwell Ogilvie, and John Penney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
At Gubbio (*Iguvium; see umbrians), there were discovered in 1444 seven bronze tablets of varying sizes (the largest measure 86 by 56.5 cm. (33 by 22 inches), the smallest 40 by 28 cm. (16 by 12 ... More

Spain, pre-Roman scripts and languages  

Jürgen Untermann

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
There are two scripts, narrowly delimited in time and place, that were taken over directly from outside the peninsula: a variant of the Libyan alphabet appears on coins in southern Andalucia; an ... More

Sabellic languages  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
'Sabellic' (or 'Sabellian') is the name given to a group of languages in ancient Italy, including Oscan and Umbrian, that belongs to the Italic branch of *Indo-European see italy, languages of for ... More

register  

Patricia Watson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Register (esp. Latin), the level of language, especially with respect to vocabulary, appropriate to a particular *genre. Studies have concentrated on poetic rather than prose texts, though there are ... More

Raetic language  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The name is a conventional label applied to the language of some 220 very short inscriptions from the Alpine region to the north of Verona. These date from the 5th to 1st cents. bce and are written ... More

pre-Greek languages  

John Chadwick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The Greek language is known to have been well established in mainland Greece and *Crete by the 13th cent. bce. But the presence of an earlier language in this area can be inferred from the classical ... More

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