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  • Greek Material Culture: Bronze Age x
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weights  

Frederick Norman Pryce, Mabel L. Lang, and David William John Gill

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Weights of the Greek bronze age are usually flattened cylinders of stone or metal, incised circles on the upper surface indicating the unit of measurement. Other forms are the duck and the ... More

weighing instruments  

Frederick Norman Pryce, Mabel L. Lang, and David William John Gill

The balance (σταθμός, libra, bilanx) of two pans at equal distance from the point of suspension is an invention of the earliest times; in Mycenaean tablets (see mycenaean language) it is the symbol ... More

Thera  

R. W. V. Catling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Thera (mod. Santorini, 76 km.2), the southernmost of the *Cyclades. It and Therasia are the remnants of a volcanic island destroyed in a cataclysmic eruption c.1650–1500 bce, burying the prehistoric ... More

Tegea  

James Roy

Tegea, a *polis of SE *Arcadia situated in a high upland basin crossed by important routes to *Argos(1), Sparta, and SW and E. Arcadia. The polis was formed from nine local communities, but when an ... More

stele  

John Boardman and Alan Johnston

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Stele, stone slab, in particular one bearing figured decoration or an inscribed text. Grave markers are found occasionally in bronze age Greece, the most notable being those with relief ... More

Sigeum  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sigeum, important site in the *Troas (NW *Asia Minor), acquired by Athens—the first overseas Athenian possession—in the late 7th cent. bce, after arbitration by *Periander between Athens and ... More

shipwrecks, ancient  

A. J. Parker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Over 1,000 ancient shipwreck sites are known from the Mediterranean, and many more no doubt remain to be found. The earliest vessel found is, however, an Egyptian river-boat, the ship of Cheops ... More

ships  

Philip de Souza

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The earliest seagoing vessels in the ancient world were probably very small rafts and boats, made from skins, bundles of reeds, or carved out of tree-trunks. Even in such tiny craft it was possible ... More

seals  

Frederick Norman Pryce, Donald Emrys Strong, and Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Seals played an important part in ancient life, taking the place of the modern signature on documents and, to some extent, of *keys and locks. The materials for sealings were *lead and wax ... More

sarcophagi  

Donald Emrys Strong and Susan E. C. Walker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
A sarcophagus is a coffin for inhumation which in ancient times was often richly decorated. In Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece (see minoan and mycenaean civilization) two standard shapes of ... More

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