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officials, Greek, accountability of  

Pierre Fröhlich

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Subject:
Greek Law
From the end of the Archaic era to the end of the Hellenistic period, all officials of Greek cities were required to render their accounts (euthynai) through procedures, which varied ... More

freedmen/freedwomen, Greek  

David M. Lewis and Sara Zanovello

Online publication date:
May 2017
In the Greek world, manumission, which spelt the end of an individual’s life in slavery, was achieved in a variety of ways, but it often entailed legal obligations to remain (paramenein) ... More

legislation (nomothesia)  

Mirko Canevaro

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
From the earliest stages, the Greeks understood the distinction between legislation and day-to-day administration. They gave laws a special status and often created specific, separate ... More

zeugitai  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme, Theodore John Cadoux, and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zeugitai (from zeugos, ‘yoke’), at Athens, Solon's third property class, said (perhaps by false analogy with *pentakosiomedimnoi) to comprise men whose land yielded between 200 and 300 ... More

Zaleucus  

Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Zaleucus, lawgiver of Italian *Locri Epizephyrii, and probably the earliest lawgiver in Greece, perhaps c.650 bce. The traditions about him are poor, later accounts (e.g. Diod. Sic. 12. ... More

war, rules of  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
These, like much other international law (see law, international), depended on custom and showed a constant conflict between the higher standards of optimistic theory and the harsher measures ... More

tyranny  

Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Tyranny is the name given to the form of monarchy set up by usurpers in many Greek states in the 7th and 6th cents. bce. The earliest occurrence of the term is in *Archilochus (tyrannis, fr. 19. 3 ... More

thesmothetai  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Thesmothetai in Athens were the six junior of the nine *archontes, appointed annually. They were instituted in the 7th cent. bce. Thesmos is an early word for ‘law’ or ‘rule’, but it is unlikely that ... More

tetrarchy  

Henry Dickinson Westlake and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Tetrarchy was first used to denote one of the four political divisions of *Thessaly (‘tetrad’ being a purely geographical term). The term found its way to the Hellenistic east and was ... More

tagos  

Bruno Helly

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Tagos (ταγός), considered the official title of the supreme civil and military magistrate of the Thessalians (see thessaly) since E. Meyer, who tried to establish a list of these alleged leaders in ... More

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