Flavius Vegetius Renatus, wrote an Epitoma rei militaris in four books, which is the only account of Roman military practice to have survived intact. The work was written after
Book 1 discusses the recruit, book 2 army organization, book 3 tactics and strategy, book 4 fortifications and naval warfare. Vegetius examines important themes—the maintenance of discipline and morale, vigilant preparations in enemy territory, establishing a camp, campaign planning, tactical adaptability in battle, conducting a retreat, and the use of stratagems. He also quotes some general maxims which ‘tested by different ages and proved by constant experience, have been passed down by distinguished writers’ (3. 26). Vegetius is convinced of the relevance of this approach. The emperor had instructed him to abridge ancient authors, and sought instruction from past exploits despite his own achievements.
R. A. Kaster
Pompeius (late 5th–early 6th cent.
John F. Moreland and R. H. Robins
Author of an Ars de nomine et verbo (ed. Keil, Gramm. Lat. 5. 410–39) and a Vita Vergilii in hexameters (often published, e.g. in Baehrens, PLM 5. 85). A De aspiratione attributed to him (ed. Keil, Gramm. Lat. 5. 439–41) is apocryphal.
J. H. D. Scourfield
Pentadius (3rd or 4th cent.
M. Stephen Spurr
Palladius (1), Rutilius Taurus Aemilianus, author of the only surviving agricultural treatise from late antiquity (c. mid-5th cent.
J. H. D. Scourfield
Stephen J. Harrison
Iulius Valerius Alexander Polemius, author in the mid-4th cent.
John F. Moreland
R. H. Robins
Priscian was the most prolific and important member of the late Latin grammarians. His grammatical works have been edited by Heinrich Keil (Grammatici Latini 2, 3), and they amount to over 1,000 printed pages in all.
Born in Mauretania, Priscian spent most of his life as a teacher of Latin in *Constantinople (Byzantium), then the capital of the eastern Roman empire. His surviving works include the Institutio de nomine et pronomine et verbo, the Praeexercitamina, a set of grammatical exercises based on each first line of the twelve books of the Aeneid, and the Institutiones grammaticae. The Institutio was an important authority for the teaching of Latin in the early Middle Ages before the much longer and more comprehensive Institutiones (974 printed pages) became widely known in and after the Carolingian age.
This work comprises eighteen books, the first sixteen setting out, after a brief introduction to orthography, the eight Latin word classes (parts of speech) in great detail. Books 17 and 18 provide an account of the syntax of Latin, the first systematic treatment of Latin syntax of which we have knowledge.