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Erichthonius (2), mythical Trojan king  

Adam Rappold

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
A mythic king of the Trojans, son of Dardanus and Batea, and father of Troos. Little is known about the Trojan Erichthonius, apart from what is related in Homer—he was the grandson of Zeus, son of ... More

folktale  

William Hansen

Folktales are traditional fictional stories. Unlike works of original literary fiction, they are normally anonymous narratives that have been transmitted from one teller to another over an ... More

Tyro  

Richard Hunter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tyro, in mythology, daughter of *Salmoneus and mother (by Cretheus) of *Jason(1)'s father Aeson and (by *Poseidon) of the twins *Pelias and *Neleus. Tyro loved the river *Enipeus, but Poseidon ... More

Pherecydes (1), of Syros, first writer of Greek prose, fl. 544 BCE  

J. S. Rusten

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Pherecydes (1) of Syros, fl. 544 bce, reputed to be the first writer of Greek prose. His subject was the birth of the gods and the creation of the cosmos. Fragments and testimonia attest the ... More

phallus  

Richard Seaford

Phallus, an image of the penis, often as erect, to be found in various contexts, in particular (a) in certain rituals associated with fertility, notably Dionysiac *processions (see dionysus): see ... More

Peitho  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Peitho, the personification of ‘Winning Over’ (Buxton 49 f.), more loosely, ‘Persuasion’, that makes woman available to man in the context of love and marriage. Her divine status is not fixed, ... More

paradoxographers  

J. S. Rusten

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Interest in the unexpected or unbelievable (paradoxa, thaumasia, apista) is prominent in the Odyssey and *Herodotus. Collections of marvels attributed to 4th-cent. authors (*Aristotle, ... More

Oedipus  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Oedipus (Οἰδίπους), son of Laius, the king of *Thebes (1) who killed his father and married his mother. The name appears to mean ‘with swollen foot’, but the reason for this is obscure, as ... More

Odysseus  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Odysseus (Ὀδυσσεύς, Latin Ulixes from one of several Greek variants; hence English Ulysses), king of *Ithaca; son of *Laertes and *Anticlea; husband of *Penelope; hero of *Homer'sOdyssey.In Homer's ... More

Leda  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Leda, mother of the *Dioscuri (Castor and Pollux/Polydeuces) and *Helen (as well as *Clytemnestra and the minor figures Timandra and Phylonoe), wife of *Tyndareos, daughter of King Thestius of ... More

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