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Constantina, daughter of Constantine, wife of Gallus Caesar, and patron of St. Agnes at Rome  

Julia Hillner

Online publication date:
May 2018
Constantina, born in c. 320, was the eldest daughter of Constantine I. She was married twice, first in 335 to her cousin Hannibalianus, whose death in 337 left her widowed, and second in ... More

Proclus Constantinopolitanus, c. 385–446 CE; bishop, 434–446 CE  

Maximos Constas

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
An early archbishop of Constantinople and a popular preacher in the rhetorical style of Gregory Nazianzus (d. 390), Proclus was the principal architect of the Byzantine cult of the Virgin Mary. ... More

Constantia, half-sister of Constantine and wife of Licinius  

Julia Hillner

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
Late antique sources remember Flavia Iulia Constantia,1 conventionally for her loyalty to her imperial relatives, both by birth and by marriage, and, more innovatively, for her Christian patronage, a ... More

Benedictus Nursinus, c. 480–c. 550 CE  

Scott G. Bruce

Online publication date:
May 2016
Benedict of Nursia was an Italian abbot active in the hinterland of Rome at Subiaco and Monte Cassino in the early 6th century. He is best known as the author of a normative guide for monastic life, ... More

Vatican  

Bryan Ward-Perkins

Vatican, an extramural area of the city of Rome, on the right bank of the *Tiber around the mons Vaticanus. In the early empire the Vatican was the site of an imperial park (the horti ... More

Stephanus of Byzantium  

Robert Browning

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Greek grammarian, probably a contemporary of *Justinian, and a publicly appointed teacher in Constantinople. Nothing is known in detail of his life except that he was a Christian. He is the author of ... More

Pompeius, African grammarian, late 5th–early 6th cent. CE  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Pompeius (late 5th–early 6th cent. ce), African grammarian, commented on *Donatus (1)'s ars (GL 5. 95–312), perhaps also on *Virgil and *Terence (very uncertain).

Photius, c. 810–c. 893 CE  

Peter Barr Reid Forbes, Robert Browning, and Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The best of the Byzantine scholars and patriarch of *Constantinople in ce 858–67 and 878–86. ‘At the pressing intreaty of the Caesar (Bardas), the celebrated Photius renounced the freedom of a ... More

Philostorgius, ecclesiastical historian, c. 368–c. 440? CE  

A. M. Nobbs

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Philostorgius, ecclesiastical historian, c. 368–c. 440? ce, born in Boryssus (*Cappadocia), into a clerical family who had been won over to neo-*Arianism (Eunomianism). By the age of 20, he was in ... More

Papirianus  

R. A. Kaster

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Papirianus (date unknown, perhaps 5th cent. ce), writer on orthography cited by *Priscian and excerpted by *Cassiodorus (Keil, Gramm. Lat. 7. 158–65; cf. ibid. 216, a fragment of ‘Q. ... More

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