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clubs, Roman  

George Hope Stevenson and Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Latin words corresponding most closely to the English ‘club’ are *collegium and sodalitas (see sodales). The former was the official title of the four great priestly colleges, *pontifices, ... More

collegium  

Piero Treves, Cyril Bailey, and Andrew Lintott

(1) Magisterial or priestly: a board of officials. (2) Private: any private association of fixed membership and constitution (see clubs, roman).The principle of collegiality was a standard feature of ... More

colours, sacred  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Three colours are especially important for sacral purposes in antiquity; they are white, black, and red, the last being understood in the widest possible sense, to include purple, crimson, even ... More

Concordia  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The cult of personified harmonious agreement (Gk. *homonoia) within the body politic at Rome (a useful ideological slogan, as for instance concordia of the *senate and *equites in the politics of ... More

consecratio  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Roman law (civil and pontifical) distinguished between things belonging to gods and things belonging to humans (res divini and humani iuris); the former were subdivided into res sacrae and res ... More

Consentes Di  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Twelve deities (six male, six female), perhaps those worshipped at the *lectisternium of 217 bce (Livy 22. 10. 9), whose gilded statues stood in the Forum in the late republic (Varro, Rust. 1. 1. 4), ... More

Consus  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A Roman god of the granary (from condere ‘to store’) whose festivals (Consualia) on 21 August and 15 December coincided, respectively, with the gathering of the harvest and the onset of ... More

Cornelius Labeo  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015

Cornelius Labeo (? second half of 3rd cent. ce) wrote a (lost) history of Romano-Etruscan religion, the target of polemic from *Arnobius and St *Augustine.

Crete, Greek and Roman  

William Allison Laidlaw, Lucia F. Nixon, and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Evidence for the history of the island comes both from literary sources, inscriptions, and coins and from excavation and (increasingly) field survey. The transition from bronze to iron age is still ... More

curses  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
A curse is a wish that evil may befall a person or persons. Within this broad definition several different types can be distinguished, according to setting, motive, and condition. The most direct ... More

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