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Ausonian culture  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The name commonly used to describe the late bronze age manifestations on Lipari (see aeoliae insulae) and, more widely, certain late bronze and early iron age assemblages in Sicily. The ... More

auxilia  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In the 1st cent. bce Rome often employed men recruited outside Italy as cavalry and light infantry, or in specialist roles, and during the Civil Wars Gallic and German cavalry and the forces of local ... More

Auximum  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Auximum (mod. Osimo) with well-preserved ancient walls, hill-town of *Picenum, 17 km. (10 ½ mi.) from the Adriatic. Becoming a Roman colony (128 bce?), it developed into a flourishing place, which ... More

Aventicum  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aventicum, civitas-capital of the *Helvetii, modern Avenches, destroyed by the *Alamanni in the 3rd cent. ce. Vespasian established a colony of *veterans here (Colonia Pia Flavia Constans ... More

Baiae  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Baiae, dependency of *Cumae, said to have been named after Baios, a companion of *Odysseus. It never became a *municipium, but flourished as a fashionable spa and resort, thanks to volcanic hot ... More

baking, Roman  

Jared T. Benton

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The earliest Roman bakers almost certainly made bread for their own households, but not for sale to the public. Pliny the Elder tells us in his Natural History (18.28) that among the quirites of ... More

Bantia  

H. Kathryn Lomas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
*Lucanian city on the border with Apulia (25 km. (15 ½ mi.) south of Venosa). It flourished in the 4th–3rd cents. bce, and became a *municipium in 89 bce. The material culture shows strong ... More

Barcino  

Simon J. Keay

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Barcino (mod. Barcelona), Colonia Iulia Augusta Paterna Faventia, founded by Augustus on a coastal branch of the via Augusta, possibly around 15 bce. There was no earlier native occupation and ... More

bars (taberna, popina, caupona, thermopolium)  

Jeremy Hartnett

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Street-side enterprises providing food and drink offered a hallmark of Roman urbanism, and were described by any number of terms. Repeated endeavors to tease out distinctions among the names and to ... More

basilica  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The name applied to a wide range of Roman building forms, most commonly and characteristically to the large, multi-purpose public halls which regularly accompanied the *forum in the western half of ... More

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