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Catius, Titus  

M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Titus Catius, an Insubrian from Cisalpine Gaul (see Gaul (cisalpine)), is mentioned by Cicero (Fam. 15. 16) as a recently deceased writer on Epicureanism (see epicurus). He is also mentioned by ... More

Cebes  

Christopher Rowe

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Cebes of *Thebes (1), like his compatriot *Simmias (1), is a main character in *Plato (1)'s Phaedo; he probably also shared with him long-standing membership of the Socratic circle (see ... More

Celsus, Roman author of The True Doctrine, late 2nd cent. CE  

William David Ross and David Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Author of a comprehensive philosophical polemic against *Christianity, The True Doctrine, written probably between 175 and 181 (Origen, C. Cels. 8. 69, 71). The work is primarily known through ... More

Chamaeleon  

Christopher Pelling

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Chamaeleon, of *Heraclea (3) Pontica (c.350–after 281 bce), Greek *Peripatetic writer; almost no biographical details exist. He wrote works on *satyric drama and comedy, and studies of a ... More

Charmadas  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Charmadas (168/7–some time after 107 bce), member of the *Academy, pupil of *Carneades. Mentioned by *Sextus Empiricus (Pyr. 1. 220) as founder of the ‘Fourth Academy’ together with ... More

Chrysippus, of Soli in Cilicia, c. 280–207 BCE  

Julia Annas and Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Chrysippus of Soli in *Cilicia (c. 280–207 bce), succeeded *Cleanthes as head of the Stoa in 232 (see stoicism). He came to Athens about 260 and studied both at the sceptical *Academy, where he ... More

Claudius Aristocles, Tiberius  

M. B. Trapp

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Tiberius Claudius Aristocles of *Pergamum (2nd cent. ce), was a Peripatetic philosopher turned sophist who also held the consulship. As sophist he studied under *Herodes Atticus, taught in ... More

Cleanthes, of Assos, 331–232 BCE  

Julia Annas and Malcolm Schofield

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Student of *Zeno (2) and his successor as head of the Stoa (see stoicism). His religious spirit is distinctive; after the writings of *Chrysippus established a Stoic orthodoxy, this came ... More

Clitomachus, 187/186–110/109 BCE  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Academic sceptic (see academy), came from *Carthage and was originally named Hasdrubal. He went to study in Athens, aged 24, and according to *Diogenes (6) Laertius (4. 67) became well versed in ... More

Colotes, of Lampsacus, c. 325–260 BCE  

William David Ross, Dirk Obbink, and Eleni Kechagia-Ovseiko

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Pupil and devoted follower of *Epicurus. He countered *Arcesilaus (1) (Plut. Adversus Coloten 1121e, 1124b; Diog. Laert. 9. 44) and the sceptical New Academy with Epicurean materialism and *atomism, ... More

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