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Septuagint  

Henry Joel Cadbury and Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Septuagint, (in abbreviation, LXX), the collection of Jewish writings which became the Old Testament of the Greek-speaking Christians. They are mainly translated from the Hebrew (or *Aramaic) ... More

Sibylline Oracles  

Erich S. Gruen

Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The Sibylline Oracles had a long life. The Sibyl was in origin a single Greek prophetess, renowned for the accuracy of her forecasts, divinely inspired, but portrayed as mad or raving, and ... More

synagogue  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Synagogue (Gk. συναγωγή), the name used by Greek-speaking *Jews to describe both their communities in the diaspora and their meeting places for regular public recital and teaching of the Torah (the ... More

Talmud  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The greatest achievement of rabbinic Judaism in late antiquity, the Talmuds are compendia of legal opinions, sayings, and stories by and about the ... More

Tiberias  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tiberias, on the west side of Lake Galilee, was founded by *Herod (2) Antipas. Despite its Greek constitution, it was a primarily Jewish city. It was generally treated as capital of *Galilee until ... More

Tosefta  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Tosefta, a collection of rabbinic legal opinions organized in much the same way, and with similar material to, the Mishnah. The relationship of the Tosefta to the Mishnah is debated: at times the ... More

Zealots  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zealots, a Jewish political group in the 1st cent. ce. According to *Josephus the Zealots were one of the three factions who controlled *Jerusalem in the last years of the Jewish revolt against Rome ... More

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