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archers, Greek and Hellenistic  

John F. Lazenby

Archaeological evidence shows that both the ‘self’ (i.e. made of one piece) and the ‘composite’ bow were known to bronze age Greece, and the considerable quantities of arrow-heads—flint, obsidian, ... More

Archidamian War  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Archidamian War is the name given to the first decade (431–421 bce) of the main *Peloponnesian War. The name derives from King *Archidamus II of Sparta, who had, however, opposed the war. ... More

Archidamus, 'leader of the damos'  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Archidamus, ‘leader of the damos’, was the name of several *Eurypontid kings of Sparta, of whom the most notable were:Archidamus II, who married an aunt and reigned for over 40 years (?469–427 bce), ... More

Areus  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Areus, self-styled ‘king of the Spartans’, was the first Spartan king to hold an elaborate court and to issue silver coins (using types of *Alexander (3) the Great of Macedon). He was the addressee ... More

Ariobarzanes  

Thomas Robert Shannon Broughton and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ariobarzanes, the name of some kings of *Cappadocia:(c.95–63/2), a Cappadocian noble whom the Cappadocians chose in preference to *Ariarathes IX when the previous dynasty came to an end. His career ... More

Aristagoras (1), deputy tyrant of Miletus, c. 505–496 BCE  

D. Lateiner

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristagoras (1), deputy tyrant of *Miletusc.505–496 bce in *Histiaeus' absence and influential rebel with too many causes. Trying to extend Miletus' Aegean power, he promoted a joint ... More

Aristides (1), Athenian politician, 5th cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristides (1) 5th-cent. bce Athenian politician, probably cousin of the rich and well-born *Callias (1) son of Hipponicus and friend of *Cleisthenes (2), and not as poor as generally alleged in ... More

Aristion  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristion, Athenian citizen and partisan of *Mithradates VI, with the backing of *Archelaus (3) made himself tyrant of *Athens in 87 bce in succession to Athenion, a *Peripatetic ... More

Aristobulus (1), of Cassandreia, Greek historian, 4th–3rd cent. BCE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristobulus of Cassandreia, historian of *Alexander (3) the Great, served with the king as a minor officer and in his old age, after *Ipsus (301 bce), wrote an influential history of the ... More

Aristodemus Malacus (2), 'the Effeminate'  

Tim Cornell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristodemus (2) Malacus (‘the Effeminate’), tyrant of *Cumae, 504–c.490 bce. An account of the career of this colourful tyrant in *Dionysius (7) of Halicarnassus (7. 3–11) derives, ... More

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