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friendship, ritualized  

G. Herman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Friendship, ritualized (or guest-friendship), a bond of trust, imitating kinship and reinforced by rituals, generating affection and obligations between individuals belonging to separate social ... More

frugality (frugalitas) and parsimony (parsimonia)  

Grant Nelsestuen

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Arising from the agrarian and domestic contexts of classical antiquity, the notion of “frugality” (frugalitas) was a positive, desirable, and in many respects distinctively Roman concept ... More

fulling  

Miko Flohr

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The practice of fulling woollen garments was never part of an integrated textile production chain in the Greco-Roman world, though in several contexts, there were developments towards ... More

gift, Greece  

G. Herman

In the Homeric poems, gift-giving perhaps receives more attention than any other peaceful heroic activity. It has three outstanding features. First, gifts have an extremely wide range of ... More

glass  

Frederick Norman Pryce and Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Glass (ὕαλος (also 'rock crystal'), vitrum). The art of producing a vitreous surface on stone, powdered quartz (faience), or clay was known in pre-dynastic Egypt and passed to Crete during the second ... More

gold  

Frederick Norman Pryce and Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Gold is rare in Greece, and the source of the rich treasures found in bronze age tombs (*Mycenae, etc. ) is unknown. The island of *Siphnos prospered in the 6th cent. bce by its gold productions; ... More

granaries, Greek  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In late bronze age Assiros in Macedonia corn was kept in wicker or similar containers, in storerooms within the houses. Otherwise large terracotta storage jars (pithoi) were used, ... More

granaries, Roman  

A. Simon Esmonde Cleary

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Purpose-built structures (horrea) for storing grain and other commodities developed in the late republic for the alimentation of Rome, and later at forts for military provisions. At Rome and ... More

hellēnotamiai, 'treasurers of the Greeks'  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Hellēnotamiai (‘treasurers of the Greeks’), were the chief financial officials of the *Delian League. Their office was in *Delos until 454/3 bce, in Athens after that; but from the first they were ... More

hippeis  

John F. Lazenby and P. J. Rhodes

In a number of Greek states the aristocracy was known as the ‘hippeis’ (e.g. *Eretria and Boeotian *Orchomenus(1); and cf. the ‘hippobotai’, of *Chalcis and, below, the Spartan élite (§ 3) and ... More

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