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Ioannes Damascenus, priest-monk and theologian, 650/675?–c. 750 CE  

Andrew Louth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Little is known of the life of John of Damascus, save what can be deduced from his taciturn writings and a few references to him in chronicles; the later Greek life is unreliable. He seems to have ... More

Hippolytus (2), bishop of Portus, c. 170–c. 236 CE  

Henry Chadwick and M. J. Edwards

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Hippolytus (2) c. 170–c. 236 ce, styled bishop of Portus and (probably) rival to Callistus of Rome (217–22), whom he reckoned a heretic because of his denial of the hypostatic identity of the Logos. ... More

Gregory (4) Thaumaturgus, c. 213–c. 275 CE  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Gregory (4) Thaumaturgus was born of a prominent family of Neocaesarea, Pontus (formerly Cabeira; mod. Niksar). He studied law at *Berytus (Beirut), but when visiting *Caesarea (2) ... More

Gregory (3) of Nyssa, c. 330–395 CE  

Neil McLynn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Gregory (3) of Nyssa (c. 330–95 ce), despite the insignificance of his Cappadocian see, became the most prominent public voice of eastern Christianity during the reign of *Theodosius (2) I: he ... More

Gregory (2) of Nazianzus, 329–389 CE  

Neil McLynn

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Gregory (2) of Nazianzus (329–89 ce), educated at Athens with *Basil of Caesarea, remained much more committed than his friend to the value of traditional paideia, a commitment powerfully expressed ... More

Gregory (1) I, 'the Great', pope  

Samuel James Beeching Barnish

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Gregory (1) I, the Great, pope 590–604ce, of senatorial and papal family; probable prefect of Rome c.573; subsequently monk; deacon, 578; apocrisiarius (lit. ‘delegate’, a church official) at ... More

Fulgentius, Fabius Planciades  

H. D. Jocelyn and Gregory Hays

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
A 6th-cent. Christian writer from North Africa, possibly Carthage, credited with four extant works. The Mythologiae, in three books, is a set of allegorical interpretations of pagan myths, preceded ... More

Evagrius Scholasticus, c. 535–c. 600 CE  

Samuel James Beeching Barnish

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Legal adviser to *Gregory (1) I, Chalcedonian patriarch of Antioch (1). Last of its genre, his Church History (431–594) merges with secular historiography in form and contents; despite ... More

Epiphanius, c. 315–403 CE  

Henry Chadwick and M. J. Edwards

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Epiphanius (c. 315–403 ce), born in Eleutheropolis, Palestine. He became a monk, and in 367 bishop of *Salamis (2) (Constantia) in Cyprus. Regarding *Origen (1) as the source of *Arianism, ... More

Ephraem Syrus, c. 307–373 CE  

Henry Chadwick and John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Christianity
Ephraem Syrus was born at *Nisibis where he lived until Jovian's surrender of the city to the Persians (363) forced him to move to *Edessa. He wrote (mainly verse) in Syriac; he could read ... More

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