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Zeus in art  

Karim Arafat

Although 8th-cent. figurines may represent Zeus, he does not assume a type until early Archaic, when he strides with thunderbolt and, rarely, eagle. In the Classical period, Zeus is quieter, often ... More

Zeuxis (1), of Heraclea (1) in Lucania, painter, 397 BCE  

Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zeuxis (1), painter, of *Heraclea(1) in Lucania, pupil of Neseus of Thasos or Damophilus of Himera. *Pliny(1) dates him 397 bce, rejecting 424. *Quintilian dates both him and *Parrhasius to the ... More

Zeuxis (2), 'the Empiricist', Greek physician, 2nd cent. BCE  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Zeuxis (2), a physician of the Empiricist school (see medicine, § 5.3; probably 2nd cent. bce), wrote commentaries on all the ‘authentic’ works of *Hippocrates (2) (according to *Galen), often taking ... More

Zeuxis (3), Philalethes ('Truth-lover'), Greek physician  

Heinrich von Staden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Philalethes (the ‘Truth-lover’), physician, founder of the Asian branch of the ‘school’ of *Herophilus. A contemporary of Strabo (Geography 12. 8. 20, 580c), he established the ‘school’ ... More

Zeuxis (4), Seleucid viceroy  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zeuxis (4), important *Seleucid viceroy of the time of *Antiochus (3) III: Polybius 5. 45. 4 and 16. 1. 8 with Walbank, HCP and J. Ma, Antiochus III and the Cities of Western Asia Minor (1999) for ... More

Zoïlus, of Amphipolis, 4th cent. BCE  

John Francis Lockwood and Robert Browning

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Zoïlus (Ζωΐλος) of *Amphipolis (4th cent. bce), the *Cynic philosopher, pupil of *Polycrates (2) and teacher of *Anaximenes(2) of Lampsacus; is described by the Suda as ῥήτωρ καὶ ... More

Zonaras, Johannes, Byzantine historian and canonist  

Arnaldo Momigliano

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
A commander of the body-guard and imperial secretary, he was probably forced to retire into monastic life after the failure of the conspiracy to make Anna Comnena empress in 1118 ce. Living in exile ... More

Zonas, of Sardis  

Alan Douglas Edward Cameron

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Zonas of *Sardis, author of nine *epigrams in the Greek *anthology from the Garland of Philip. If the Diodorus Zonas of Strabo 627–8, then he lived about 80 bce (see Page in GLP 2. 263–4). He writes ... More

Zopyrus  

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Zopyrus, writer on *physiognomy, known from his judgement on Socrates' appearance.

Zoroaster  

Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg and W. F. M. Henkelman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zoroaster, Ζωροάστρης (Ζαθραύστης, Ζαράτας), is the Greek form Old Iranian Zarathuštra. He is considered by Zoroastrian tradition as prophet of a new religion; the revolutionary nature of his ... More

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