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Xanthippus (1), father of Pericles (1), early 5th cent. BCE  

Piero Treves and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xanthippus (1), husband of *Cleisthenes(2)'s niece Agariste and father of *Pericles(1). He prosecuted *Miltiades after his unsuccessful attack on *Paros in 490–489 bce; he was ostracized ... More

Xanthippus (2), Spartan mercenary commander, 3rd cent. BCE  

John Briscoe

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xanthippus (2) was a Spartan mercenary commander who fought for *Carthage against M. *Atilius Regulus in 255 bce (see punic wars). He reorganized the Carthaginian army and annihilated the Roman ... More

Xanthus, a city of Lycia  

Stephen Mitchell and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xanthus was called the largest city in *Lycia by *Strabo (14. 3. 6, 666), a claim borne out by its extensive remains; prosperity was based on the fertile plain of the river Xanthus, with access to ... More

Xanthus (1), Greek poet  

P. J. Parsons

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Poet mentioned by *Stesichorus, who adapted many works from him, including the Oresteia; he presented *Heracles in his Homeric guise, and said that Laodice (cf. Il. 9. 145) was renamed Electra ... More

Xanthus (2), Lydian historian  

Klaus Meister

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Mar 2016
Xanthus (2), Hellenized Lydian from *Sardis, older contemporary of *Herodotus(1), author of Lydiaca in 4 books on the origin and history of the Lydian people, maybe down to the capture of Sardis by ... More

Xenagoras, 3rd or 2nd cent. BCE  

Kenneth S. Sacks and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xenagoras (3rd or 2nd cent. bce), a Greek, perhaps from *Rhodes, wrote Χρόνοι (Chronologies) of the Greek world, with special interest in *Sicily and the west, and Περὶ νήσων (On islands). He is ... More

Xenarchus (1), Sicilian mime-writer  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Sicilian mime-writer (see mime) of the late 5th cent. bce, son of *Sophron.

Xenarchus (2), Middle Comedy poet  

Geoffrey Arnott

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xenarchus (2), a frank and lively Middle Comedy poet (see comedy (greek), middle). Eight titles survive, mainly from daily life. Fr. 1: a parody of tragic style; 4: young men's sexual ... More

Xenion, Hellenistic historian  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016

Hellenistic historian, probably from *Crete; a source of Cretan material for *Stephanus of Byzantium (and perhaps also for *Polybius(1), if we read his name at 6. 45. 1).

Xenocles  

Andrew Brown

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Xenocles, son of the elder *Carcinus(1), was a tragic poet who defeated *Euripides in 415 with his Oedipus, Lycaon, Bacchae, and Athamas (satyric). His Licymnius is parodied by *Aristophanes(1) ... More

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