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Bion (1), of Borysthenes (Olbia), philosopher, c. 335–c. 245 BCE  

J. L. Moles

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Bion (1), of Borysthenes (Olbia) (c.335–c.245 bce), philosopher. His own account of his life (Diogenes Laertius 4. 46–7) is fictionalized. His disreputable parents (ex-prostitute and freedman who ... More

Blossius, Gaius  

Ernst Badian

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Descendant of a prominent anti-Roman family of Hannibalic *Capua and a student of Stoic philosophy (see stoicism), was a friend of Ti. *Sempronius Gracchus (3), after whose death he joined ... More

Boethius, Musical writings  

Andrew Barker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Boethius' Institutio musica, mainly paraphrased from Greek sources, deploys Pythagorean harmonics (see pythagoras), within the quadrivium, to promote understanding of music's extraordinary powers. ... More

Boethus (3), of Sidon, Stoic, pupil of Diogenes (3) of Babylon, 2nd cent. BCE  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Stoic, pupil of *Diogenes (3) of Babylon.Diverging from orthodox Stoic physics, he rejected the ekpurōsis and derived *soul from air and fire. He devoted much attention to details of Stoic cosmology, ... More

Boethus (4), of Sidon, Aristotelian philosopher  

D. O'Meara

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aristotelian philosopher of the time of Augustus, *Andronicus of Rhodes' pupil and successor, it seems, as head of the *Peripatetic school at Athens. He pursued Andronicus' work of explaining ... More

Bryson  

Wilbur R. Knorr

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Bryson (early 4th cent. bce), of Heraclea (3) Pontica, a sophist associated with the following of *Euclides (1) of Megara, he is criticized by Aristotle for an allegedly fallacious quadrature of the ... More

Callicles  

C. C. W. Taylor

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
A character in *Plato (1)'s Gorgias, whose historicity is disputed. He attacks conventional morality as an inversion of true or natural morality, since the restrictions of conventional ... More

Calliphon  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Philosopher of uncertain date (probably not before *Ariston (1) of Chios and *Hieronymus (2) of Rhodes, who flourished c.250 bce). Cicero says he held that the supreme good consists in the union of ... More

Carneades  

Gisela Striker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Carneades from Cyrene (214/3–129/8 bce), the most important representative of the sceptical *Academy, often called the founder of the New Academy as distinct from the Middle Academy of *Arcesilaus ... More

Carneiscus  

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy

Epicurean of the 3rd or 2nd cent. bce, author of Philistas, a discussion of friendship in which *Praxiphanes was criticized.

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