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Aricia  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Aricia (mod. Ariccia), at the foot of the Alban hills (see albanus mons), 25 km. (16 mi.) south-east of Rome, on the edge of a fertile volcanic depression (vallis Aricina); the impressive viaduct, of ... More

Armenia  

Margaret Stephana Drower, Eric William Gray, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
A mountainous region of eastern Anatolia, north of Syria and Mesopotamia, bounded on the east by *Media Atropatene (mod. Azerbaijan) and on the west by *Cappadocia and *Commagene. The region, known ... More

Arsacids  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
The Iranian royal dynasty with its original centre in *Parthiac.250 bce–224 ce. Named after the tribal chieftain Arsaces, who had invaded the former Seleucid satrapy of Parthia from the north and ... More

Arsameia  

Eric William Gray, Susan Mary Sherwin-White, and Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Name of two cities in *Commagene:(1) Arsameia by the Euphrates (mod. Gerger);(2) Arsameia by the Nymphaeus (mod. Eski Kahta) identified by remarkable inscriptions (with a rock relief) recording the ... More

Arsinoë II Philadelphus  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Arsinoë II Philadelphus (‘Brother-loving’) (c.316–270 bce), daughter of *Ptolemy (1) I and his mistress *Berenice (1), was married first (300/299) to *Lysimachus whom she aided in his bid for the ... More

Arsinoë III, b. c. 245 BCE  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Arsinoë III (b. c.245 bce), daughter of *Ptolemy (1) III and *Berenice (3) II, married her brother *Ptolemy (1) IV Philopator (see incest). Her murder, during the palace coup in 204, ... More

Arsinoë (1), capital city of the Arsinoite nome  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Arsinoë (1), the capital city of the Arsinoite nome (the *Fayūm), earlier named Crocodilopolis and Ptolemais Euergetis. Originally drained and developed in the Twelfth Dynasty, the Fayūm ... More

Arsinoë (2), Egyptian port city on the Red Sea  

Dorothy J. Thompson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Arsinoë (2), also called Cleopatris, lay near modern Suez where the canal from the Pelusiac branch of the Nile entered the Red Sea. Despite shoals and south winds, with *Myos Hormos and ... More

Artabanus II  

Josef Wiesehöfer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Artabanus II, king of the Parthian dynasty 10/1–38 ce, an *Arsacid on his mother's side, gained the throne in a struggle against Vonones who fled to Armenia. When *Iulius Caesar Germanicus installed ... More

Artabazus, c. 387–c. 325 BCE  

Pierre Briant

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Artabazus (c.387–c.325 bce), son of *Pharnabazus, *satrap of *Dascylium, and Apame, daughter of *Artaxerxes (2) II; c.361/0 he succeeded his half-brother, Ariobarzanes, who had been ... More

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