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prayer, Jewish  

Stefan C. Reif

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Although some of the inspiration for later Jewish prayers undoubtedly came from the ancient Near East and the early books of the Hebrew Bible, there was at that early period of development ... More

Ptolemaeus (4), of Mende, priest and author  

Kenneth S. Sacks

Ptolemaeus of Mende, a priest, wrote on the Egyptian kings in three books. He wrote before Apion (first half of the 1st cent. bce), who refers to him. He attributes the Hebrew Exodus under ... More

rabbis  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The Hebrew term ‘rabbi’ which means ‘my master’, was a term of respect among Jews which by late Hellenistic times seems to have been particularly applied to religious teachers. According to the ... More

religion, Jewish  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Judaism in Graeco-Roman antiquity is better known than any other ancient religion apart from Christianity, primarily because of the survival to modern times of traditions about ancient ... More

Sabbath  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The practice of resting from secular work every seventh day was widely recognized in the ancient world as a peculiarity of the Jews, for whom it was grounded in a divine instruction (Exod. ... More

Sadducees  

Martin Goodman

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Sadducees, a religious group within Judaism attested in Judaea from the 2nd cent. bce to the 1st cent. ce. The Sadducees are described by *Josephus and are mentioned in the New Testament ... More

Samaria  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Samaria was from the early *Seleucid period the name of an administrative district in Palestine, alongside *Judaea, and, later, *Galilee, and lying between the two. The inhabitants (see ... More

Samaritans  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Samaritans were the inhabitants of *Samaria, who saw themselves as the direct descendants of the northern Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, left behind by the Assyrians in 722 bce. But Jewish ... More

Scythopolis  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Scythopolis (now Beth–Shean), a Canaanite, then Israelite, city on the right bank of the Jordan, its Greek name of unclear origin. It was conquered by *Antiochus (3) III from the Ptolemies ... More

Sepphoris  

Zeev Weiss

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
In the heart of the Lower Galilee lie the remains of Sepphoris, capital of the Galilee during long periods of antiquity. Both literary sources and archaeological finds indicate that the ... More

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