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Amalthea  

J. N. Bremmer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amalthea, the goat that suckled *Zeus after his birth, when he was hidden in a cave to prevent his father *Cronus from devouring him (Callim. Hymn 1); later, rationalizing versions made the goat into ... More

Amazons  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amazons, mythical race of female warriors. The name was popularly understood as ‘breastless’ (maza, ‘breast’) and the story told that they ‘pinched out’ or ‘cauterized’ the right breast so as not to ... More

ambrosia  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambrosia and nectar are the food and drink of eternal life—usually in that order, though nectar is for eating in Alcman (fr. 42 Page, PMG) and Sappho thinks of ambrosia as a drink (fr. 141 LP). They ... More

Ammon  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Ammon (Ἄμμων), *Hellenized name of Amun, the great god of Egyptian *Thebes (2) and chief divinity of the developed Egyptian pantheon; thus naturally identified with *Zeus (so first in Pindar, who ... More

Amphiaraus  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphiaraus, seer descended from *Melampus (1), resident at *Argos (1), whence he participated in the expedition of the *Seven against Thebes. In one tradition, he died with all the other ... More

amphictiony  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Amphictiony (from amphiktiones, ‘dwellers around’) is the name given to Greek leagues connected with *sanctuaries and the maintenance of their cults. Most were concentrated in the locality of the ... More

Amphilochus  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphilochus, in mythology, brother of *Alcmaeon (1), and, in some accounts (as Apollod. 3. 82 and 86), his comrade in the expedition of the *Epigoni and helper in slaying Eriphyle. After ... More

Amphion and Zethus  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphion and Zethus, sons of *Zeus and *Antiope: they founded and walled seven-gated *Thebes (1) (Od. 11. 260–5). The story is fleshed out by Sophocles (Niobe) and Euripides ... More

Amphitryon  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amphitryon, son of Alcaeus king of Tiryns. He and his fiancée *Alcmene (daughter of Electryon king of *Mycenae) were forced to flee to *Thebes (1) after he had accidentally killed ... More

amulets  

H. S. Versnel

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Amulets were magically potent objects worn (hence the Greek names: περίαμμα, περίαπτον) for protection against witchcraft, illness, the evil eye, accidents, robbery, etc. (hence the Greek name: ... More

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