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ēliaia  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Ēliaia (ἠλιαία), often but less correctly spelled hēliaia, was a meeting of Athenian citizens to try a legal case, or a building in which such meetings were held. It has generally been ... More

endogamy  

Mark Golden

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Marrying within (1) the citizen body or (2) the kin group.1. Colonists and others on the margins of the Greek world often intermarried with native populations, and the Archaic élite regularly made ... More

enktēsis  

Jakob Aall Ottesen Larsen and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Enktēsis, ‘possession in’, and related words, commonly defined by the addition of γῆς καὶ οἰκίας (‘of land and house’), are used to define the right to own real property within a state. Since this ... More

ephetai  

D. M. MacDowell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Ephetai (ἐφέται) were an Athenian jury, 51 in number. Their origin and early history are obscure, but by the 5th cent. bce they seem to have been selected by lot from the members of the *Areopagus ... More

ephors  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Greek Law
Ephors, probably ‘overseers’ (but possibly connected with ouros, ‘a guardian’), civil magistrates attested in several Dorian states (*Thera, *Cyrene, Euesperides, *Heraclea (1) in Lucania) besides ... More

epimelētēs  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Epimelētēs, ‘one who takes care’ (Greek). In Greek cities this title was given either to regular magistrates who managed special departments, such as the water supply (ἐπιμελητὴς τῶν ... More

epistatēs  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Epistatēs, ‘chairman (Greek). At Athens the epistatēs of the *prytaneis, chosen daily by lot from the prytaneis, held the state seal and keys and in the 5th cent. bce with his colleagues presided in ... More

eranos  

Paul C. Millett

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Eranos was essentially concerned with *reciprocity: at first of food, and later of money. In *Homer, eranos refers to a meal for which each diner contributed a share (Od. 1. 226); alternatively, the ... More

euthyna, euthynai  

Arnold Wycombe Gomme and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
Euthyna, euthynai (‘straightening’), the examination of accounts which every public official underwent on expiry of his office. At Athens the examination fell into two parts, the logos (‘account’), ... More

evidence, ancient attitudes to, Greek and Roman  

Stephen Todd

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Greek Law
There are various contexts in which Greeks and Romans sought to demonstrate things. Problems of knowledge were raised by philosophers at least as early as *Plato (1) (this is one function of the ... More

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