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bidental  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
When lightning struck, the Etruscan and Roman ritual prescribed that the bolt be buried (often inscribed fulgur conditum), and the place enclosed (Luc. 1. 606–8; 8. 864). The ancients ... More

Bona Dea, 'the Good Goddess'  

John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Bona Dea (the Good Goddess—this is her title, not name, which is uncertain), an Italian goddess, worshipped especially in Rome and Latium. In Rome, she had an annual nocturnal ceremony ... More

Bonus Eventus  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Bonus Eventus, personified god of the good outcome of agricultural labour (Varro Rust. 1. 1. 6), and, by extension, other human activity. A porticus near the baths of *Agrippa at Rome ... More

books, sacred and cultic  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Texts produced by religions of classical antiquity fall into three broad categories: (1) Texts emanating from or inspired by a divinity. Some of them reached the status of sacred books, and formed a ... More

Cacus  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
For the Augustans (Verg. Aen. 8. 190–279; Livy 1. 7. 3–15, with Ogilvie's notes; Prop. 4. 9; Ov. Fast. 1. 543–86, with Bömer's notes, 5. 643–52) a savage fire-breathing monster whose thieving ... More

Caelestis  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Caelestis, ‘heavenly’, the epithet of *Juno at Carthage, successor to, and inheritor of many aspects of, the Carthaginian Tinnit (Tanit). The cult, with an oracle, was important in Roman *Carthage, ... More

calendar, Roman  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The original Roman calendar supposedly consisted of ten months only, the later March–December, and would therefore have had an uncounted gap in the winter, between years (cf. Ov. Fast. 1. 27–44, with ... More

Camenae  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Goddesses of a spring (from which the *Vestals drew their daily water), meadow, and grove below the *Caelian hill just outside the porta Capena at Rome. They included *Egeria, and were linked ... More

Camilla  

Arthur Stanley Pease

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
A legendary Volscian maiden, whose father Metabus, in flight fastened her to a javelin, dedicated her to *Diana, and threw her across the Amisenus river. After life as a huntress she joined the ... More

camillus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Camillus, fem. camilla, the ancient name for acolytes in Roman cult; the normal term was pueri et puellae ingenui patrimi matrimique. They might be the children of the officiant, but must, ... More

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