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alae  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In the republic alae sociorum were two bodies of Roman allies, including cavalry and infantry, each equivalent in size to a *legion, which fought on the wings (alae) of the battle-line. After the ... More

Alba Fucens  

T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alba Fucens, a Latin colony of 6,000 (see ius latii) founded by Rome in 303 bce, on a hill above the Fucine lake (see fucinus lacus) in central Italy. It was connected to Rome by the *via ... More

Albinovanus, Celsus  

Edward Courtney

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Albinovanus, Celsus, secretary of *Tiberius, whom he accompanied to Armenia in 21–20 bce, and friend of *Horace (Epist. 1. 3. 15–20, 8. 1), who gently rebukes him for writing excessively ... More

Albucius, Titus, senator and orator  

Christian James Fordyce and M. T. Griffin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Albucius, Titus senator and orator, who in youth had studied in Athens. *Lucilius (1) satirized the absurdities of his Graecomania (88–93 Marx), and *Cicero called him ‘learned in Greek letters, or ... More

alcoholism, Roman  

John Maxwell O'Brien and Barney Rickenbacker

The ancient Romans were as interested in the harmful effects of excessive drinking and chronic intoxication as their Greek counterparts. In On the Nature of Things, *Lucretius writes that wine's fury ... More

Alfenus Varus, Publius  

Ernst Badian and Tony Honoré

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alfenus Varus, Publius, suffect consul 39 bce. Born at *Cremona, he was the first Cisalpine to gain a consulship, and the only one under Augustus. (His son, consul ce 2, was presumably born in Rome, ... More

Alfenus Senecio, Lucius  

Anthony R. Birley

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alfenus Senecio, Lucius, from *Cuicul in Numidia, either the son of a procurator of the same names who became governor of Mauretania Caesariensis (see caesarea (3)), or perhaps identical with him—in ... More

Allobroges  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Allobroges, a developing iron age people of central Gaul. They were annexed to Rome in 121 bce by Cn. *Domitius Ahenobarbus (2) and Q. *Fabius Maximus (Allobrogicus). An attempted revolt was crushed ... More

Ambiorix  

Howard Hayes Scullard and John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambiorix, chief of the Eburones, a Gallic tribe between the Meuse and the Rhine who were freed by *Caesar from dependence on the Atuatuci. However, in 54 bce Ambiorix revolted against Caesar: through ... More

ambitus  

Andrew Lintott

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ambitus, a ‘going round’, is related to ambitio, the pursuit of public office, but always, unlike ambitio, denotes reprehensible activity which has been declared illegal.Specifically it refers to ... More

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