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Aristotle, philosopher, 384–322 BCE  

Martha C. Nussbaum and Catherine Osborne

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Aristotle (384–322 BCE), philosopher, pupil of *Plato (1), was born in *Stagira in *Chalcidice. His father Nicomachus, a member of the medical guild of the Asclepiadae (see asclepius), was ... More

Arius Didymus  

Brad Inwood

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Arius Didymus, of Alexandria (1), philosopher and adviser to *Augustus; *procurator of Sicily. He wrote a now lost consolation for the death of Nero *Claudius Drusus, addressed to *Livia Drusilla. ... More

Arrian, c. 86–160 CE  

Albert Brian Bosworth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Born in *Nicomedia in *Bithynia, he held local office and pursued studies with *Epictetus, whose lectures he later published (allegedly verbatim) as the Discourses and summarized in the Encheiridion ... More

Aspasius, c. 100–50 CE  

Robert Sharples

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Aspasius (c.100–50 ce), Peripatetic. His commentaries on *Aristotle's Cat., Int., Metaph., Ph., and Cael., and his Treatise on the Natural Emotions are lost. His commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics ... More

Athēnaiōn politeia  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
*Aristotle is credited with works on the constitutions of 158 states: a papyrus containing all but the opening few pages of the Athenian constitution was acquired by the British Museum, and was ... More

Athenodorus  

Julia Annas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Athenodorus, of Tarsus, son of Sandon, Stoic, a friend of *Cicero and *Strabo, and, like *Arius Didymus, a court philosopher to Augustus; he addressed a work to *Octavia (2). (He is to be ... More

atomism  

Catherine Osborne

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Atomism, a term used of theories that posit the existence of small indivisible particles as the ultimate components of matter. The Greek term atomon, used by some ancient philosophers to ... More

Atticus, c. 150–200 CE  

John Dillon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Philosophy
Atticus (c. 150–200 ce), Platonist (see plato (1)), opposed the infiltration of *Peripatetic elements into Platonism, but himself introduced into it certain doctrines proper to *Stoicism. ... More

Augustine, St, Aurelius Augustinus, 354–430 CE  

John F. Matthews

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
St Augustine (Aurelius Augustinus (354–430 ce), was born at Thagaste (mod. Souk Ahras, Algeria), son of Patricius, a modest town councillor of pagan beliefs, and a dominant Catholic ... More

Aurelius, Marcus, Meditations  

R. B. Rutherford

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Aurelius, Marcus, Marcus is most famous for a work his subjects never saw, the intimate notebook in which he recorded (in Greek) his own reflections on human life and the ways of the gods, perhaps ... More

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