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  • Greek Material Culture: Classical and Hellenistic x
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axones  

Victor Ehrenberg and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
At Athens the laws of *Draco and of *Solon were inscribed on numbered axones; the term kyrbeis (of unknown origin), used of Solon's laws, is thought by some to refer to a different set of objects, ... More

ball games  

Frederick Adam Wright and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Playing with a ball (σφαῖρα) was at least as old as *Homer (Od. 6. 100, 8. 370). It is shown in Athenian art, notably two late Archaic reliefs, one (Athens 3476) apparently showing a throw-in from ... More

Bassae  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Bassae, in SW Arcadia, near Phigaleia, the site of one of the best-preserved Greek temples. This was dedicated to *Apollo the Helper (Epikourios). *Pausanias (3) says it was the work of *Ictinus, ... More

Biton, 3rd or 2nd cent. BCE  

Simon Hornblower

Biton (Βίτων) (3rd or 2nd cent. bce), the author of a small extant work on siege-engines, Κατασκευαὶ πολεμικῶν ὀργάνων καὶ καταπαλτικῶν (‘The Construction of War-machines and Catapults’; ... More

Boethus (1–2), metalworkers of Chalcedon, 2nd cent. BCE  

Andrew F. Stewart

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Members of a family of artisans alternating the names Boethus and Athenaeon. Made portraits at *Lindus and *Delos between 184 and 126, a bronze *herm found in a ship wrecked off Mahdia in Tunisia ... More

books, Greek and Roman  

H. Maehler

Books existed in *Egypt long before they came into use in Greece. Systems of writing had been invented and developed for administrative purposes in both Egypt and *Mesopotamia by c.3000 bce. While ... More

boxing  

Robert Leslie Howland and Stephen Instone

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In Greek and Roman boxing there was no classification of competitors by weight and so the advantage was generally with the heavier man. The Greeks bound leather thongs (ἱμάντες) ... More

Brauron  

Robin Osborne

Brauron, site of a sanctuary of *Artemis on the east coast of *Attica at the mouth of the river Erasinos. It is included in *Philochorus' list of twelve townships united by *Theseus (FGrH 328 F 94). ... More

building materials, Greek  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In its developed stages Greek *architecture was based on the use of finely dressed stone masonry, predominantly limestone. Where available either locally or transported, white *marble was used for ... More

Buthrotum  

Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond

Buthrotum (now Butrinto, uninhabited), founded traditionally by the Trojan *Helenus on a low hill at the seaward end of a narrow channel leading from a lake, possessed fine harbours and fisheries and ... More

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