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donativum  

Brian Campbell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Donativum, in the imperial period an irregular monetary payment to soldiers, perhaps originally associated with distributions of booty. Donatives celebrated important events linked to the ... More

dyeing  

J. P. Wild

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Dyeing was a well-established urban professional craft in the classical world and a branch of empirical chemistry, as the surviving Graeco-Roman dye recipe-books (PLeid. 10; PHolm.) reveal. *wool was ... More

economy, Greek  

Paul Cartledge

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Even if there was ‘an economy’ in ancient Greece (see capitalism), Greece itself was not a single entity, but a congeries of more than a thousand separate communities. One should therefore speak of ... More

economy, Hellenistic  

John Davies

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The regions brought under the control of the Hellenistic kingdoms showed little economic unity or uniformity. Land-use systems ranged from *irrigation regimes in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and parts of Iran ... More

economy, Roman  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The economic history of Rome from the first, like all ancient Mediterranean economies, involved the interaction of the circumstances of local *agriculture with the available *labour supply in the ... More

eisphora  

Friedrich M. Heichelheim and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Eisphora (‘paying-in’), a general word for payments made for a common cause by a plurality of contributors; and in particular the name of a property tax known in a number of Greek states and in the ... More

emporion  

D. W. R. Ridgway

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
General term for ‘a trading-place’ (LSJ), as in *Strabo's reference (4. 4. 1) to the anonymous British entrepôt (presumably Hengistbury Head) used by traders from Gallia Belgica. In essence, an ... More

energy and power  

Neville Morley

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Energy and power are closely related concepts: energy implies the capacity to do work, and power affects the rate at which work is done (energy transmitted per unit of time). The ... More

euergetism  

Antony Spawforth

Neologism of French scholarship (évergétisme, from εὐεργέτης, ‘benefactor’) to describe the socio-political phenomenon of voluntary gift-giving to the ancient community. Embracing the beneficence of ... More

famine  

Dominic W. Rathbone

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Catastrophic breakdowns in the production and distribution of essential foodstuffs, resulting in exceptionally high mortality from attendant epidemic *diseases, were rare in the ancient world. The ... More

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