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Athenagoras  

David Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Christian apologist from Athens and author of two extant works, The Resurrection of the Dead, and the Legatio. The latter is a defence of Christianity composed in the form of a letter to the emperors ... More

Attis  

Francis Redding Walton and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Attis, in mythology, the youthful consort of *Cybele and prototype of her eunuch devotees. The myth exists in two main forms, with many variants. According to the Phrygian tale (Paus. 7. ... More

augures  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Augures, official Roman diviners. They formed one of the four great colleges of priests (see collegium), instituted (so the tradition) in the regal period; originally made up of three (patrician) ... More

augurium canarium  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augurium canarium, a ceremony so called by Pliny (HN 18. 14, quoting the commentarii pontificum (pontifical records), see libri pontificales), and canarium sacrificium by *Ateius Capito (2), who says ... More

augurium salutis  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augurium salutis, an augural inquiry as to whether it was permissible (for the magistrates) to pray for the safety of the people. This (annual) prayer could be said only on a day free of all wars. It ... More

Augustales  

James Rives

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Augustales, members of a religious and social institution common in the cities of the western Roman empire. There are numerous variations on the title, which taken together appear in some 2,500 ... More

auspicium  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Auspicium, literally ‘watching the birds’ (avis, specio), but the term was applied to various types of *divination. Festus (Paulus, Gloss. Lat. 367) records five types of auspical signs: from the sky ... More

Bacchanalia  

John North

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Bacchanalia can be used to mean either ‘Bacchic festival’ or ‘Bacchic places of worship’, but usually translates the Greek *mysteries (orgia), with special reference to the worship ... More

belief, ancient religious  

Charles Stewart and John North

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Currently ‘belief’ has at least three different meanings in the context of religion: (1) an inner psychological state of pious commitment; (2) the acceptance of received ideas; and (3) the doctrines ... More

Bellona  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Bellona (older form Duellona), Roman goddess of war. She had no flamen (see flamines) and no festival in the calendar, unlike the major ancient deities; she acquired her temple as late as ... More

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