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aqueducts  

Richard Allan Tomlinson and Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
In a Mediterranean climate, correcting the accidents of rainfall distribution through the management of water sources transforms *agriculture by extending the growing season through the dry summer by ... More

Arae Flaviae  

John Frederick Drinkwater

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Arae Flaviae (mod. Rottweil), on the Neckar. In ce 74 the Roman Rhine–Danube frontier was shortened by carrying a road south-eastwards from Strasburg (*Argentorate) to the *Danube. A fort was built ... More

Ara Pacis  

Janet DeLaine

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ara Pacis, a monumental altar erected in the northern *Campus Martius near the via Lata (Corso), considered one of the major products of Augustan public art. It was voted in 13 bce by the senate, as ... More

archaeology, classical  

A. M. Snodgrass

Classical archaeology properly the study of the whole material culture of ancient Greece and Rome, is often understood in a somewhat narrower sense. *Epigraphy, the study of inscriptions ... More

archaeology, underwater  

A. J. Parker

The potential richness of the sea for salvage or accidental finding of sunken valuables was recognized from earliest times, but the possibility of defining meaningful groups of wrecked material or of ... More

arches  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
In Greek architecture openings are normally covered by horizontal lintels or beams. The first description of arched construction using voussoirs locked into place by a keystone is attributed to ... More

architects  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

The names of architects are preserved in literary sources as well as inscriptions. Theodorus, architect of the temple of Asclepius at *Epidaurus, is paid at only double the level of the ordinary ... More

architecture, Roman  

Janet DeLaine

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Roman architecture represents the fusion of traditional Greek elements, notably the trabeated orders, with an innovative approach to structural problems resulting in the extensive exploitation of the ... More

archives, Roman  

Rosalind Thomas

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Roman archives (tabularia, from tabulae as ‘records’). Rome's early records were rudimentary: lists of magistrates (*fasti), copies of treaties, and priestly records, which were not systematically ... More

Ariminum  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ariminum (mod. Rimini), on the Adriatic, was an *Umbrian and Gallic settlement, which became a Latin colony (see ius latii) in 268 bce (Vell. Pat. 1. 14). An important harbour and road-centre, ... More

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