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palimpsest  

Frederic George Kenyon and Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Reception
Palimpsest (παλίμψηστος), a term applied to manuscripts in which the original text has been scraped or washed away, in order that another text may be inscribed in its place. As the term properly ... More

panhellenism  

P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Reception
Panhellenism, the idea that what the Greeks have in common as Greeks, and what distinguishes them from *barbarians, is more important than what divides them. The word is not an ancient one, though ... More

Persian-Wars tradition  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Reception
Greek victories over Persian ‘barbarians’ loomed large in defining mainland Greek identities until well into the Roman age. In *Thucydides (2) 5th-cent. Athens justified its empire by them (1. 74. ... More

popular culture  

N. J. Lowe

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Reception
This article addresses the classical world in popular culture rather than vice versa (for which see J. P. Toner, Popular Culture in Ancient Rome (2010)).Popular culture includes texts, artefacts, and ... More

prosopography  

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth

Prosopography is a modern term for the study of individuals, and is derived from the Greek prosōpon, one meaning of which is ‘person’. There is no agreed or official definition of ... More

race  

Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Greeks and Romans were avid observers in art and text of departures among foreigners (allophyloi, alienigeni) from their own somatic norms. But it is difficult to discern any lasting ascription of ... More

reception  

C. A. Martindale and Lorna Hardwick

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Reception
‘Reception’, in the specialized sense used within literary theory, is a concept of German origin, associated primarily with the Constance school of critics led by H. R. Jauss and W. Iser, ... More

retrospective styles  

Andrew F. Stewart

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Retrospective styles in sculpture. At various times, each of the three main Greek sculptural styles, the Archaic, the Classical, and the Hellenistic Baroque, was revived by both Greeks and Romans, ... More

Romanization  

Antony Spawforth, Martin Millett, and Stephen Mitchell

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Romanization originally meant the spread of Roman civilization to Italy and the provinces. The term was coined in the 19th cent. and used unreflectively until the 1960s, when scholars influenced by ... More

scholarship, ancient, Greek  

Nigel Wilson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In one sense of the term scholarship began when literature became a central element of education and the prescribed texts had to be explained and interpreted to pupils in a class. An early reflex of ... More

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