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Archigenes  

William David Ross and V. Nutton

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Archigenes, of Apamea in Syria, pupil of *Agathinus; well-known physician at Rome in the time of Trajan (98–117 ce). He was an eclectic, but was chiefly influenced by the doctrines of the Pneumatic ... More

Archimedes, mathematician, c. 287–212/211 BCE  

Reviel Netz

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Born at *Syracuse, son of an astronomer Phidias, and killed at the sack of the city by the Romans under M. *Claudius Marcellus (1), he was on intimate terms with its king *Hieron (2) II. He may have ... More

Archytas, fl. c. 400–350 BCE  

Carl Huffman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Mathematician, political leader, and Pythagorean philosopher from *Tarentum. He was elected general seven times and sent a ship to rescue *Plato (1) from *Dionysius (2) II of Syracuse in 361. He ... More

Aretaeus  

William David Ross

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aretaeus, of *Cappadocia, medical author, a contemporary of *Galen (c. 150–200 ce), wrote in Ionic in imitation of Hippocrates (2). Works (extant but incomplete): On the Causes and Symptoms of Acute ... More

Aristarchus (1), of Samos, Greek astronomer, 3rd cent. BCE  

G. J. Toomer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristarchus of Samos, astronomer, is dated by his observation of the summer solstice in 280 bce. He was a pupil of the Peripatetic *Straton (1) of Lampsacus. He is famous as the author of the ... More

Aristides Quintilianus  

Andrew Barker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristides Quintilianus (3rd cent. ce ?), author of a lost Poetics and an ambitious De musica. Musical issues are classified as theoretical (‘technical’ and ‘physical’) and practical. Book ... More

Aristoxenus  

Andrew Barker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aristoxenus, of *Tarentum (b. c.370 bce), best known for musical writings but also a philosopher, biographer, and historian. He was trained in *music, possibly to professional standards, by his ... More

artillery  

Jonathan Coulston

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Evidence for Greek and Roman artillery comes from the surviving technical treatises, incidental historical and subliterary references, and, most importantly, finds of both machine-fittings and ... More

Asclepiades (3), of Prusias ad Mare in Bithynia, Greek physician and author, 1st cent. BCE  

J. T. Vallance

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Asclepiades of Prusias ad Mare in Bithynia, physician. He spent at least some of his career in Rome, and died sometime in the 1st cent. bce. He is best known for his theory that the body is made out ... More

astrology  

Roger Beck

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The art of converting astronomical data (i.e. the positions of the celestial bodies) into predictions of outcomes in human affairs. Astrology developed in the Hellenistic age, essentially ... More

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