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Macedonian language  

Olivier Masson and Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The problem of the nature and origin of the Macedonian language is still disputed by modern scholars, but does not seem to have been raised among the ancients. We have a rare adverb μακεδονιστί ... More

Messapic language  

Carlo de Simone

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The term Messapic refers to the pre-Roman language attested in some 600 inscriptions, mostly funerary, found in the second Augustan district (regio) of Italy, Apulia et Calabria. See Italy; Messapii. ... More

Mycenaean language  

John Chadwick

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
Mycenaean language is the name given to the form of the Greek language written in the Linear B syllabic script and found in the Mycenaean palaces (see pre-alphabetic scripts (Greece)). The nature of ... More

North Picene language  

Benjamin Fortson

Online publication date:
Nov 2017
Subject:
Linguistics
North Picene was an ancient language of eastern coastal Italy. It is preserved on an Etruscan-style stele from Pesaro and perhaps three other inscriptions (if they are genuine), dating from the ... More

Phrygian language  

Michel Lejeune

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Phrygian is known mainly from inscriptions, both at an early (Old Phrygian) and at a later (New Phrygian) stage. At some time in the 8th cent. bce, the Phrygians devised an alphabet adapted from ... More

pre-alphabetic scripts, Greek  

John Chadwick and Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Writing in the Aegean area appears to be a native growth, although no doubt inspired by earlier scripts used in Anatolia and Egypt. Apart from an isolated case, it seems that all pre-alphabetic ... More

pre-Greek languages  

John Chadwick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The Greek language is known to have been well established in mainland Greece and *Crete by the 13th cent. bce. But the presence of an earlier language in this area can be inferred from the classical ... More

pronunciation, Greek  

Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
The main features of the pronunciation of ancient Greek may be established through the study of contemporary documents, literary texts, spelling mistakes, puns, grammarians' statements, etc. (see ... More

pronunciation, Latin  

W. Sidney Allen and Jonathan G. F. Powell

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
Our knowledge of the pronunciation of classical Latin is derived from a variety of sources. Most direct are the specific statements of Latin grammarians and other authors (though allowance ... More

Raetic language  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The name is a conventional label applied to the language of some 220 very short inscriptions from the Alpine region to the north of Verona. These date from the 5th to 1st cents. bce and are written ... More

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