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Phrygian language  

Michel Lejeune

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Phrygian is known mainly from inscriptions, both at an early (Old Phrygian) and at a later (New Phrygian) stage. At some time in the 8th cent. bce, the Phrygians devised an alphabet adapted from ... More

pre-alphabetic scripts, Greek  

John Chadwick and Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Writing in the Aegean area appears to be a native growth, although no doubt inspired by earlier scripts used in Anatolia and Egypt. Apart from an isolated case, it seems that all pre-alphabetic ... More

pre-Greek languages  

John Chadwick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The Greek language is known to have been well established in mainland Greece and *Crete by the 13th cent. bce. But the presence of an earlier language in this area can be inferred from the classical ... More

pronunciation, Greek  

Anna Morpurgo Davies

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
The main features of the pronunciation of ancient Greek may be established through the study of contemporary documents, literary texts, spelling mistakes, puns, grammarians' statements, etc. (see ... More

pronunciation, Latin  

W. Sidney Allen and Jonathan G. F. Powell

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Subject:
Linguistics
Our knowledge of the pronunciation of classical Latin is derived from a variety of sources. Most direct are the specific statements of Latin grammarians and other authors (though allowance ... More

Raetic language  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
The name is a conventional label applied to the language of some 220 very short inscriptions from the Alpine region to the north of Verona. These date from the 5th to 1st cents. bce and are written ... More

register  

Patricia Watson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
Register (esp. Latin), the level of language, especially with respect to vocabulary, appropriate to a particular *genre. Studies have concentrated on poetic rather than prose texts, though there are ... More

Sabelli  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Sabelli is not synonymous with *Sabini. It is the Roman name for speakers of *Oscan. They called themselves Safineis and their chief official *meddix. They expanded from their original ... More

Sabellic languages  

John Penney

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
'Sabellic' (or 'Sabellian') is the name given to a group of languages in ancient Italy, including Oscan and Umbrian, that belongs to the Italic branch of *Indo-European see italy, languages of for ... More

Spain, pre-Roman scripts and languages  

Jürgen Untermann

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Linguistics
There are two scripts, narrowly delimited in time and place, that were taken over directly from outside the peninsula: a variant of the Libyan alphabet appears on coins in southern Andalucia; an ... More

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