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Iustus  

Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Iustus, a leading citizen of *Tiberias, of moderate political persuasion, was an opponent of *Josephus' command in Galilee in 66/7 ce, during the First Jewish Revolt. After being implicated, with ... More

Jaffa  

Benjamin Isaac

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The city of Joppe/Jaffa/Yafo on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, immediately south of modern Tel Aviv, has a long history of importance as an urban centre, from the Middle Bronze ... More

Jason (3), of Cyrene, Greek historian, late 3rd–early 2nd cent. BCE  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Jason (3), of *Cyrene, wrote, before 124 bce, a Greek history in five books about Judas Maccabaeus and his brothers. The author of 2 Maccabees describes his own work as an abridgement of Jason (2 ... More

Jerusalem  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Jerusalem was repopulated and the Temple reconstructed with the blessing of *Cyrus (1), some 50 years after the destruction of 587 bce, by Jews returning from the Babylonian exile. In the 440s, the ... More

Jewish-Greek literature  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Jewish-Greek literature depends upon the Greek translation of the Hebrew Pentateuch (Torah; see aristeas, letter of), made during the 3rd cent. bce. A unique, literal style was adopted, Hebraized in ... More

Jews  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The Jews at the beginning of the period were an ethnic group with distinctive religious practices. In due course, the religious definition acquired new emphasis, and significant numbers of Jews ... More

Josephus, b. 37/38 CE  

Edith Mary Smallwood and Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Josephus (Flavius Iosephus (b. 37/8 ce), was a Greek historian but also a Jewish priest of aristocratic descent and largely Pharisaic education (see pharisees) and a political leader in ... More

Judaea  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
First appears in the Hellenistic period (see hellenism) as the name for the primarily Jewish territory (see jews) around *Jerusalem, home of the Ioudaioi. Acquiring, under the *Hasmoneans, much ... More

Maccabees  

Tessa Rajak

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
The name ‘Maccabee’, probably meaning ‘the hammer’, was the appellation of Judas son of Mattathias, leader of the Judaean Revolt of 168/7 bce against *Antiochus (4) IV Epiphanes. See Jews. The name ... More

Madaba Map  

Richard J. A. Talbert

Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This damaged, but still striking, floor-mosaic map offers a unique and invaluable example of late antique cartography, as well as the earliest surviving vision of the Holy Land. The map was ... More

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