Daughter of the Athenian king *Cecrops, Aglaurus makes her best-known appearance in myth and art alongside *Pandrosus and Herse; disobeying *Athena's instructions, the sisters opened the chest where the child *Erichthonius was kept, and what they saw caused them to hurl themselves off the Acropolis to their deaths. But there are clear signs that Aglaurus' origins are separate from her sisters. She had an independent sanctuary at the east end of the Acropolis, and unlike Pandrosus she was linked more closely with adolescents and young fighters (the *ephēboi) than with babies. Her divine connections cover both *Ares, by whom she had a daughter Alcippe (see
Michael H. Jameson
Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March
Herbert Jennings Rose
Herbert Jennings Rose, B. C. Dietrich, and Alan A. D. Peatfield
Alan H. Griffiths
Alcathous, son of *Pelops and *Hippodamia, was exiled from his homeland for fratricide; finding that the kingship of *Megara was on offer to whoever could kill the ferocious lion of Cithaeron, he claimed the prize (keeping the beast's tongue as proof, like *Peleus). He subsequently built the city's walls with help from *Apollo and was honoured with memorial games as a founding hero (Pind. Isthm. 8. 74). See Paus. 1. 41 f. and the account of the local historian *Dieuchidas (FGrH 485 F 10, from schol. Ap. Rhod. 1. 516–18). An epigram on an important 5th cent.