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Agathos Daimon  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Agathos Daimon (Ἀγαθὸς Δαίμων), ‘good god/destiny/fortune’. He is particularly closely associated with the proper use of *wine (cf. modern toasts such as ‘cheers’, ‘good luck’): he received small ... More

Agenor, Phoenician king  

A. Schachter

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
When his daughter, *Europa, disappeared, he sent his sons—*Phoenix (1), Cilix, and *Cadmus—to find her. They failed (*Zeus having abducted her to Crete), but founded respectively the Phoenician and ... More

Aglaurus  

Emily Kearns

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Daughter of the Athenian king *Cecrops, Aglaurus makes her best-known appearance in myth and art alongside *Pandrosus and Herse; disobeying *Athena's instructions, the sisters opened the ... More

agriculture, Greek  

Michael H. Jameson

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The agriculture of Greece in the historical period shared the basic cultigens and techniques of most of the other contemporary civilizations of the Mediterranean. Life was sustained by barley and ... More

Aias  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Jenny March

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aias (Αἴας, Lat. Aiax)(1) Son of *Telamon (1), king of *Salamis (1), hence Aias Telamonius, and also known as the Great(er) Ajax. He brought twelve ships from Salamis to Troy (Il. 2.557). In the ... More

Aion  

Robert Parker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Was for late antiquity the personification and god of indefinitely extending time. In early Greek αἰών means ‘life’ (often in the sense of ‘vital force’), ‘whole lifetime’, ‘generation’. It was ... More

Aither  

Herbert Jennings Rose

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Aither (Αἰθήρ), personification of the purer upper stratum of air (approximately the stratosphere), next to or identical with the sky; son of Erebus and Night (see nyx) (Hes., Theog. 124–5); of ... More

Alastor  

Herbert Jennings Rose, B. C. Dietrich, and Alan A. D. Peatfield

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alastor, avenging deity or *daimōn, typically pursuing (there may be an etymological connexion with ἐλαύνειν, the form ἐλάστερος being also found) and punishing a killer or his kin. Similar words are ... More

Alcathous  

Alan H. Griffiths

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Alcathous, son of *Pelops and *Hippodamia, was exiled from his homeland for fratricide; finding that the kingship of *Megara was on offer to whoever could kill the ferocious lion of ... More

Alcestis  

Ken Dowden

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Alcestis, in mythology, daughter of *Pelias, wife of Admetus king of *Pherae (Thessaly), who is prepared to die in his place.Pelias promised Alcestis to whoever could yoke a lion and boar to a ... More

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