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  • Greek Material Culture: Bronze Age x
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palaces  

Richard Allan Tomlinson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
In bronze-age Crete and Greece palaces serve as complex administrative centres, as well as the residence of presumed monarchs (see minoan and mycenaean civilization). With the rise of Macedon, ... More

Paphos  

Hector Catling

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Paphos, city-kingdom of SW *Cyprus. (1) Palaepaphos (mod. Kouklia) built on a bluff near the coast, site of a famous sanctuary of *Aphrodite, by tradition born nearby of sea-foam. Alternative ... More

pastoralism, Greek  

Stephen Hodkinson

Although animals were ubiquitous throughout the Greek countryside, animal husbandry has until recently received little systematic attention; hence current interpretations are frequently embryonic. ... More

pottery, Greek  

Karim Arafat and Catherine A. Morgan

Pottery is a primary source of evidence thoughout the Greek period. Pervasive and almost indestructible, its generally predictable development means that it provides a framework to which other arts ... More

pottery, scientific analysis of  

David William John Gill

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Petrographical and chemical analysis are the two main ways to characterize pottery. The former treats the pottery as a geological sediment which has been used for a particular purpose. ... More

Pylos  

O. T. P. K. Dickinson and Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Pylos was the classical name of sites in *Elis, Triphylia (S. of Elis), and *Messenia, all of which claimed to be the Pylos which is *Nestor (1)'s capital in the Homeric poems (Strabo 8. 3; cf. Ar. ... More

rings  

Frederick Norman Pryce and Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Rings were used in Minoan and Mycenaean times (see minoan and mycenaean civilization) both as signets and as ornaments. They are not mentioned in *Homer and are rarely found in early iron ... More

sarcophagi  

Donald Emrys Strong and Susan E. C. Walker

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
A sarcophagus is a coffin for inhumation which in ancient times was often richly decorated. In Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece (see minoan and mycenaean civilization) two standard shapes of ... More

seals  

Frederick Norman Pryce, Donald Emrys Strong, and Michael Vickers

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Seals played an important part in ancient life, taking the place of the modern signature on documents and, to some extent, of *keys and locks. The materials for sealings were *lead and wax ... More

ships  

Philip de Souza

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The earliest seagoing vessels in the ancient world were probably very small rafts and boats, made from skins, bundles of reeds, or carved out of tree-trunks. Even in such tiny craft it was possible ... More

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