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hetaireiai  

Theodore John Cadoux and P. J. Rhodes

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Associations of hetairoi (‘comrades’). In some, perhaps most, *Cretan cities the citizens were grouped in hetaireiai as part of the military system; each had its table in the city's andreion (‘men's ... More

heterosexuality  

Holt Parker

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Heterosexuality and *homosexuality are not strictly applicable to the Graeco-Roman world (this remains controversial). Discussions of sex could focus on either pleasure or procreation. Pleasures were ... More

homosexuality  

D. M. Halperin

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
No Greek or Latin word corresponds to the modern term homosexuality, and ancient Mediterranean societies did not in practice treat homosexuality as a meaningful category of personal or public life. ... More

homosexuality, female  

Sandra Boehringer

Online publication date:
May 2017
Sexual and amorous relationships between females constitute, as a heuristic category, an illuminating field of research for the construction of sexual categories in antiquity, as well as ... More

household, Greek  

Lin Foxhall

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The household (oikos) was the fundamental social, political and economic unit of ancient Greece (Arist.Pol. 1. 2), though its precise links into larger political and economic structures changed ... More

household, Roman  

Keith Bradley

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
‘Household’ is the usual English translation of Latin familia, a term to which the jurist Ulpian (Dig. 50. 16. 195. 1–5), understanding its application to both property and persons, assigned several ... More

housework  

Gillian Clark

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Housework, a specifically female task, was evidently not of interest to male authors, and there are no surviving household accounts or instructions. ‘Women's work’ meant weaving and the other tasks ... More

Hypatia  

G. J. Toomer

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Woman learned in mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy (d. 415 ce). Daughter of the mathematician *Theon(4) of *Alexandria (1), she revised the third book of his Commentary on the ... More

Hypsicratia  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Hypsicratia, mistress of *Mithradates VI Eupator, who admiringly called her by the male form of the name, Hypsicrates (Plut. Pomp. 32. 8). Her commemorative funerary statue has been found ... More

hysteria  

Helen King

Online publication date:
Jul 2015
Hysteria, contrary to popular belief, was not so named by the Greeks. In Hippocratic *gynaecology (see hippocrates(2)) the womb (Gk. hystera) was indeed believed to ‘wander’ around the body, as a ... More

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