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Uruk  

Amélie Kuhrt

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Uruk (mod. Warka; Gk. Ὀρχόη), c. 170 km. (106 mi.) south of *Babylon. It was a substantial city from c.4000 bce to the Sasanian period (see sasanids) and the source of hundreds of *cuneiform texts ... More

Vologeses I  

Margaret Stephana Drower, Eric William Gray, and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
King of *Parthia, 51 ce/2–79/80. His family belonged to *Media Atropatene. Much of his reign was spent in wars with Rome and on his eastern frontier. In 54 Vologeses set his brother *Tiridates(3) on ... More

Xerxes I  

Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg and Amélie Kuhrt

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Xerxes I (OP Khšāyaršā), son of *Darius(1) and Atossa, king of *Persia486–465 bce, chosen by his father as successor (XPf ll. 31 ff.; Hdt. 7. 2–3). At the beginning of his reign he crushed a revolt ... More

Zeugma  

Margaret Stephana Drower, Eric William Gray, and Susan Mary Sherwin-White

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zeugma (mod. Bâlkîs, opposite Bîrecik), in *Syria on the right bank of the *Euphrates at its chief crossing, about 112 km. (70 miles) below *Samosata. Twin colonies Seleuceia (right bank) ... More

Zeuxis (4), Seleucid viceroy  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zeuxis (4), important *Seleucid viceroy of the time of *Antiochus (3) III: Polybius 5. 45. 4 and 16. 1. 8 with Walbank, HCP and J. Ma, Antiochus III and the Cities of Western Asia Minor (1999) for ... More

Zeuxis (1), of Heraclea (1) in Lucania, painter, 397 BCE  

Karim Arafat

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zeuxis (1), painter, of *Heraclea(1) in Lucania, pupil of Neseus of Thasos or Damophilus of Himera. *Pliny(1) dates him 397 bce, rejecting 424. *Quintilian dates both him and *Parrhasius to the ... More

Zoroaster  

Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg and W. F. M. Henkelman

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Subject:
Near East
Zoroaster, Ζωροάστρης (Ζαθραύστης, Ζαράτας), is the Greek form Old Iranian Zarathuštra. He is considered by Zoroastrian tradition as prophet of a new religion; the revolutionary nature of his ... More

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