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Tiridates (3), Parthian king, 36 CE  

Margaret Stephana Drower and Barbara Levick

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Tiridates, grandson of *Phraates (1) IV, was sent by *Tiberius to contest the Parthian throne, with the military support of L. *Vitellius, governor of *Syria (Tac. Ann. 6. 32). Expelling *Artabanus ... More

Tissaphernes  

C. J. Tuplin

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Tissaphernes, son of Hydarnes. Having suppressed Pissuthnes' revolt, he became *satrap of *Sardis (c.413 bce), receiving overall authority in western Anatolia. Instructed to collect tribute from the ... More

Tripolis  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones, Henri Seyrig, and Jean-François Salles

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Tripolis, Phoenician city, a joint foundation of *Tyre, *Sidon, and *Aradus. Between 104 and 95 bce it obtained its freedom from Antiochus IX (see seleucids), but later fell under a ... More

Trogodytae  

Robert G. Morkot

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Trogodytae were a people of ‘*Ethiopia’, in particular the Eastern Desert of southern Egypt and north Sudan. In MSS of classical authors we frequently find a reading which, by inclusion of the letter ... More

Troy  

Carl W. Blegen and D. F. Easton

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Troy lies in north-west *Asia Minor 5 km. from the *Hellespont. The site consists of a mound with c. 25 m. of deposits and a 1 km. sq. skirt to the south. It was noted by F. Kauffer (1793), ... More

Tylos  

Daniel Potts

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Tylos, the Greek name (cf. Tyros (Strabo 16. 3. 4) Lat. Tyrus (Plin. HN 12. 21. 38)) given to the largest of the Bahrain islands in the *Persian Gulf, probably from Akkadian Tilmun via Aramaic ... More

Tyre  

Arnold Hugh Martin Jones, Henri Seyrig, Jean-François Salles, and J. F. Healey

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Tyre, a major city in southern Phoenicia (see phoenicians) with a large territory, built on an island but extending ashore, and equipped with two harbours. It is famed as the main founder of ... More

Ugarit  

Jean-François Salles

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Ugarit, an important kingdom of N. Syria in the late bronze age, known from the excavations at Ras Shamra (16 km. (10 mi.) north of Lattakie) and the hundreds of texts in Ugaritic ... More

Uranius, Greek writer about Arabia  

Simon Hornblower

Online publication date:
Jun 2016
His date is not quite certain, but 4th century ce (rather than three centuries earlier) seems likeliest. He is a source for much of the Arabian information in Stephanus of Byzantium, in ... More

Urartu  

J. David Hawkins

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Subject:
Near East
Urartu, iron age kingdom ( = Hebrew Ararat) in the territory of later *Armenia. The unified kingdom is known from its archaeology and monumental *cuneiform inscriptions under a dynasty c.830–640 bce. ... More

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