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Ve(d)iovis  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ve(d)iovis, Roman god, a form of *Jupiter, with a festival on 21 May, and temples on the *Tiber island and between the two summits of the Capitoline hill (see capitol). Important remains of the ... More

Venus  

John Scheid

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The debate over the original nature of this goddess, who does not belong to Rome's oldest pantheon but is attested fairly early at *Lavinium, has been partly resolved (Schilling 1954). It is now ... More

Vercellae  

Edward Togo Salmon and T. W. Potter

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Vercellae (mod. Vercelli), originated as an *oppidum of the Celtic Libici, near the gold-mines of north-western Cisalpine Gaul (see gaul (cisalpine)). A garrison-town and a *municipium ... More

ver sacrum  

J. Linderski

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Ver sacrum, ‘the sacred spring’, a ritual practised in Italy, particularly by the Sabellic (*Oscan) tribes; see sabelli. In times of distress all produce of the spring (or the whole year) ... More

Vertumnus  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Vertumnus (Vortumnus), supposedly an *Etruscan god: so Varro, Ling. 5. 46 and Prop. 4. 2. 4, who says he came from *Volsinii; but nothing confirms this view (Radke, Götter 317 ff.; G. Dumézil, ARR ... More

Vesta, Vestals  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Vesta was the Roman goddess of (the hearth-) fire, custos flammae (Ov. Fast. 6. 258, comm. F. Bömer), one of the twelve Di *Consentes. The cult is also known from *Pompeii and *Latium: it was ... More

via Sacra  

Ian Archibald Richmond and John Patterson

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
Via Sacra, the ‘sacred way’, street connecting the *forum Romanum with the *Velia, affording access to the *Palatine. According to *Varro and *Pompeius Festus, the stretch of road ... More

vicomagistri  

Nicholas Purcell

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Vicomagistri, officials of a *vicus, which was a miniature body politic, and was entitled to possess property, administer common funds, and appoint officials. These magistri or vicomagistri, who were ... More

victimarius  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Sacrificial slaughterer; see sacrifice, roman. The magistrate in charge of a sacrifice did not perform the act of killing himself; he performed symbolic acts and pronounced the prayers, ... More

Victoria  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John Scheid

Online publication date:
Mar 2016
The Roman equivalent of *Nike. There is no evidence that she is anything more; mentions of an early cult of Victory must refer to Vacuna or Vica Pota (Dion. Hal.Ant. Rom. 1. 15. 1; Asc.Pis., p. 13. ... More

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