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apex  

Herbert Jennings Rose and John North

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apex, a special kind of cap worn by Roman *flamines, *Salii, and some other priests. The word is said originally to have meant not the whole cap, but the spike or twig at the top of it, tied on with ... More

Apis  

Richard Gordon

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apis, the sacred bull at *Memphis in Egypt, oracular ‘herald’ of *Ptah (cf. Plin. HN 8. 185), with distinctive markings (Hdt 3. 28; Ael. NA 11. 10). The cult probably goes back to the earliest Old ... More

apocalyptic literature  

Christopher Rowland

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The apocalyptic literature composed by Jews and Christians in antiquity purports to offer information on God's purposes by means of revelation. In the apocalypses, understanding of God and ... More

Apollonius (12), of Tyana  

Herbert Jennings Rose and Antony Spawforth

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Apollonius (12), of Tyana (ἈπολλώνιοςὁΤυανεύς), a Neo-pythagorean holy man (see neopythagoreanism), conceivably the L. Pompeius Apollonius of an inscription from *Ephesus (C. P. Jones in Demoen and ... More

apologists, Christian  

Wolfram Kinzig

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
The modern collective term appears to go back to F. Morel (Corpus Apologetarum, 1615) and P. Maran (1742; cf. PG 6). The idea as such, however, is much older, as can be seen from the codex Paris. gr. ... More

Argei  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
On 16 and 17 March in Rome a procession went to the shrine of the puppets (itur ad Argeos: Ov. Fast. 3. 791), i.e. to the 27 shrines (sacraria) of the Argei (Varro, Ling. 5. 45–54) situated at ... More

Armilustrium  

C. Robert Phillips

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Roman festival on 19 October to *Mars which purified (see lustration) the army (Varro, Ling. 5. 153, 6. 22); this took place at the *Aventine's Armilustrium (Livy 27. 37. 4, Plut. Rom. 23. 3), which ... More

Artemidorus (3), of Ephesus, Greek author, interpreter of dreams, mid-late 2nd cent. CE  

Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Artemidorus (3), of *Ephesus but called himself ‘of Daldis’ after his mother's native city in Lydia, whose chief deity *Apollo instigated his work on predictive *dreams. His Onirocritica, ... More

Artemon (4), of Miletus, Greek author, mid-1st cent. CE  

M. B. Trapp and Simon Price

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Artemon (4), of Miletus, wrote, under Nero, a work in 22 books on *dreams and their consequences, with special reference to cures by *Sarapis. He is criticized by *Artemidorus (3), see 1. ... More

Ascanius  

Stephen J. Harrison

Online publication date:
Dec 2015
Ascanius, character in literature and mythology, son of *Aeneas. Not mentioned in Homer, he appears in the Aeneas-legend by the 5th cent. bce, at first as one of several sons of Aeneas (Hellanicus, ... More

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